Modelling Pliocene warmth: contribution of atmosphere, oceans and cryosphere

first_imgThe relative role of the atmosphere, oceans and cryosphere in contributing towards middle Pliocene warmth (ca 3 Ma BP) is investigated using the HadCM3 coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model. The model was initialised with boundary conditions from the USGS PRISM2 data set and a Pliocene atmospheric CO2 level of 400 ppmv and run for 300 simulated years. The simulation resulted in a global surface temperature warming of 3degreesC compared to present-day. In contrast to earlier modelling experiments for the Pliocene, surface temperatures warmed in most areas including the tropics (1-5degreesC). Compared with present-day, the model predicts a general pattern of ocean warming (1-5degreesC) in both hemispheres to a depth of 2000 m, below which no significant differences are noted. Sea ice coverage is massively reduced (up to 90%). The flow of the Gulf Stream/North Atlantic Drift is up to 100 mm s(-1) greater in the Pliocene case. Analysis of the model-predicted meridional streamfunction suggests a global pattern of reduced outflow of Antarctic bottom water (AABW; up to 5 Sv), a shallower depth for North Atlantic deep water formation and weaker thermohaline circulation (3 Sv). The decrease in AABW occurs mainly in the Pacific rather than Atlantic Ocean. Model diagnostics for heat transports indicate that neither the oceans nor the atmosphere are transporting significantly more heat in the Pliocene scenario. Rather, these results indicate that the major contributing mechanism to global Pliocene warmth was the reduced extent of high-latitude terrestrial ice sheets (50% reduction on Greenland, 33% reduction on Antarctica) and sea ice cover resulting in a strong ice-albedo feedback. These results highlight the need for further studies designed to improve our knowledge regarding Pliocene terrestrial ice configurations.last_img read more


first_imgSIGTARP ALERTED TREASURY THAT THE  TARP’s HAREST HIT FUND IS BEING ABUSED IN INDIANA“Last month, SIGTARP alerted UNITED STATES TREASURY that the TARP’s Hardest Hit Fund (HHF) was being abused in Indiana by funding the demolition of lived-in homes, instead of abandoned houses.”PLEASE SEE link of this report posted below.  Refer to pages 41-51 of this report. 28 2016Report to Congress.pdfBELOW IS AN EXCERPT OF THE REPORT SEENT TO THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS IN DECEMBER, 2015RECOMMENDATIONS RELATED TO TARP-FUNDED DEMOLITIONS OF LIVED-IN HOMESOn December 14, 2015, SIGTARP issued a letter alerting Treasury to SIGTARP’S finding that HHF Indiana selected and approved for TARP-funded demolition 18 homes where people lived, rather than the vacant and abandoned houses (so-called zombie properties) that Treasury intended.These homes were chosen for demolition under HHF because they were on the desired relocation site of a car dealership in Evansville, Indiana. SIGTARP made three recommendations:A)  Treasury should immediately direct state housing finance agencies that they should not allow the Hardest Hit Fund to be used strategically to selectB)  Lived-in residences for demolition, and should instead be used solely to select zombie properties for demolition.Todays “Readers Poll” question is “Do You Believe DMD Director Kelley Coures Assertions That The Feds Are Not Doing An Investigation But An Audit of TARP Funds”?Copyright 2015 City County Observer. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

Alternative to sodium sets off bakery debate

first_imgThe launch of a new sodium alternative has sparked a debate on the use of potassium chloride in bread.Volac’s sodium and sugar replacer Volactose Whey Permeate contains 2.6% potassium and is labelled a ’high-performance cross-category sodium and sugar replacer’, which can be used in a wide variety of better-for-you pro-ducts, including breads and sweet biscuits.However, while potassium chloride is a legal addition to bread, the Food Standards Agency (FSA) is not a fan. Despite pushing bakers to seek alternatives to sodium chloride, a spokeswoman said: “The FSA does not encourage the use of sodium chloride (salt) substitutes/replacements based on potassium, because we are keen that people’s palates adjust to less salty foods. Using a replacement such as potassium chloride does not assist this taste adjustment.”She added: “For people with kidney problems and children who have immature kidneys, too much potassium in the diet can have health implications.”Stanley Cauvain, director and vice-president R&D activities at BakeTran, said most plant bakers would have tried potassium chloride in the last 10-15 years and recognised its limitations regarding a characteristic bitter potassium flavour. “This limits its level of addition and when sodium chloride levels are lower, then the flavour impact becomes more pronounced,” said Cauvain.Mark Neville, Volac’s marketing manager, dairy and lifestyle ingredients, said it had a number of customers in the UK, mainly in the bakery sector, using products from the Volactose range. “It is clear that there is a need for us to adjust palates to lower sodium products. The potassium level in Volactose Whey Permeate is already very small and thus unlikely to pose a threat to health.”He added that as more attention was paid to sodium content, not labelling sodium on front of pack had a positive impact. “Within ingredients labelling you can label whey permeate in a number of ways, including ’whey solids’ or ’milk solids’. Dairy-derived ingredients gene-rally have good connotations in relation to bakery products,” said Neville.last_img read more

Deep thinker

first_imgThe deep sea is less well known than the surface of the moon, about as hard to get to, and as dangerous once you’re there. It holds the world’s longest mountain range — the mid-ocean ridge — carries in its waters enough gold to give every human on the planet nine pounds and, below 1,000 meters, is still vast enough to constitute 80 percent of Earth’s biosphere.It’s also the site of one of the last century’s most startling scientific discoveries: whole communities of animals fueled not by photosynthesis and sunlight, but by chemical energy drawn from enormous smoking vents fired by the Earth’s volcanism. It is also a place that scientists such as Harvard’s Peter Girguis want to get to know better, with new networks of sensors and a refit of the venerable Alvin submersible under way.Girguis, the Loeb Associate Professor of the Natural Sciences, presented a history of undersea exploration and an overview of his deep-sea work on Wednesday (March 9) during a talk at the Harvard Museum of Natural History.In his introduction, Agassiz Professor of Biological Oceanography James McCarthy said that Girguis is just the latest in a long line of Harvard faculty members who have explored the ocean depths. It was Louis Agassiz, founder of the Museum of Comparative Zoology (MCZ), who conducted the first dredges of the ocean floor of the western North Atlantic, and his son, and MCZ director, Alexander Agassiz, who introduced wire cable that allowed even deeper dredges, conducted over 100,000 miles of cruises.Though some thought that the deeper you go, the less life you find, and that the deepest depths are desolate, Agassiz thought that there was enough biological material settling from the creatures living above to sustain life, an idea that has proven true, McCarthy said.In his talk, Girguis traced the rise of modern oceanography to the voyage of the Challenger in the 1870s. The sailing ship had just six scientists among its 200 crew members and 21 officers, and endured many hardships during its four-year, 69,000-mile voyage. Along the way, scientists netted fish, dredged the ocean floor, took depth and temperature readings, took water samples, and analyzed the gases dissolved in ocean water. They also discovered more than 4,700 new species and found life as deep as 8,000 meters.Modern scientists owe much to those original Challenger investigators, and many of the instruments used today are similar to those pioneered aboard that ship, Girguis said. Despite the revelations of Challenger scientists and other early explorers, however, it is difficult for scientists to truly understand marine creatures by dredging them up or netting them at sea and dumping them onto the deck of a ship. What’s missing, Girguis said, is critical context about habitat and behavior that comes from observing creatures in their natural habitat.The problem for marine scientists, however, is that the habitat is hostile to humans — airless and pitch black, with crushing temperatures. Two men in the 1930s took a major step in solving that problem, constructing the bathysphere of steel one and a quarter-inch thick. Squeezing through a tiny door and peering out an equally tiny window, the two dangled a half mile below the surface, suspended from a steel cable with just a phone line to the surface for communication, and observed the deep ocean for the first time.The bathysphere began a revolution in deep ocean science, Girguis said. In the early 1960s deep submersibles were built, including the now-iconic Alvin, which has just been dry-docked for a major overhaul and which has been so productive over its decades in service that it has carried 12,000 people to view the depths of the sea firsthand.It was Alvin that, in 1977, discovered what Girguis termed one of the most significant scientific discoveries of the 20th century: the discovery of biological communities around ocean floor volcanic vents. Their significance stems not just from their surprising existence, but also that they are built on an entirely different foundation — on chemical energy from volcanic vents, rather than the sun’s energy harnessed by photosynthesis.“This really blew their minds,” Girguis said.Today 200 vent fields have been discovered in oceans around the world that on first blush shouldn’t be places for life to thrive. Water temperatures range from 4 degrees Celsius to 350 degrees Celsius, hot enough to burn wood even under water. The vent water itself is corrosive as well as hot, containing high quantities of hydrogen sulfide. It melts, burns, or corrodes plastic, wood, glass, tin, and most other metals. And all this happens in an environment far enough from the surface that no light penetrates, and under pressure high enough to crumple steel.These biological communities have astounded scientists not just with their strangeness — such as giant tube worms that, because they get nourishment from symbiotic, chemical-driven bacteria, have no mouths or guts — but with their profusion. (Biomass around some of the vents, Girguis said, rivals that of tropical rainforests.) And, among their populations are some of the most extreme living things on Earth, such as bacteria that can live and grow at nearly 250 degrees Fahrenheit.Girguis detailed some of his own work on the sea floor, including a near-mishap on his first dive in Alvin in 1994 that saw him approach the sub’s deepest dive limit of 4,000 meters. He also described his explorations using robotic submersibles that drill into the vent stacks to find out at what temperatures extreme bacteria can live.He also described the new frontier of undersea research, a cabled network of sea floor monitoring stations, funded by Congress and planned for the ocean bed off the Pacific Northwest and other locations, which will allow scientists to understand the conditions across a broad section of ocean over an extended period of time. The data from these stations would be available not only to scientists around the world but also to citizen-scientists who could make their own contributions, as they do in fields such as ornithology, Girguis said.last_img read more

Wanted: Ways to battle corruption

first_imgFor the past few years, Harvard’s Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics has been wrestling with the knotty problem of institutional corruption, the diversion of an institution’s mission in response to legal but undue influences from outside, which often results in a loss of trust among the institution’s constituency.Now the center is seeking a practical way of monitoring institutional corruption, generating ideas from the Harvard community and the public through a contest launched this week with $8,000 in prize money.The Systems to Monitor Institutional Corruption challenge, being conducted with InnoCentive, a company that specializes in arranging such contests, seeks new ideas on how to use the abundant data available from the Internet, government records, watchdog groups, and other sources to highlight and discourage such corruption.Center Director Lawrence Lessig said the contest idea is something of an experiment, and he wasn’t sure what would result from it.“Optimistically, we’ll get fresh thinking on ways to look at the wrong kinds of influence,” Lessig said. “It’s an experiment; we’ll see what we get.”Authorities have fought illegal corruption — such as might result when contractors pay public officials to hire them for government construction projects — for decades, but institutional corruption is tougher to battle, Lessig said. That’s because the practices that enable it are generally legal and within societal norms. Examples include the influence of lobbyists and major campaign donors on elected officials, of pharmaceutical companies on physicians’ prescription practices, and of funding sources on academic researchers.Though campaign donations are legal, for instance, U.S. representatives whose campaign managers insist that they spend time on the phone with wealthy potential donors typically don’t give the same attention to less-wealthy constituents, Lessig said. In addition, when politicians are forced to spend between 30 and 70 percent of their time raising money, that’s less time they can spend attending hearings, drafting legislation, and meeting with constituents.Though many critics agree that the problem needs to be addressed, Lessig said it’s so ingrained in the system that there is a lot of skepticism about whether it can be changed. Still, he said, a nation that tackled Nazism, racism, and sexism in the last century should be able to tackle this one. In fact, he said, with regard to Congress, a single systemwide change — instituting public campaign financing — would go a long way toward eliminating it.“A version of public funding would take care of the problem almost overnight,” Lessig said.Center Research Director Neeru Paharia said that while institutional corruption is as old as institutions themselves, the information age provides an opportunity to address the concerns through access to enormous amounts of electronic data.“What is different now is we do have technology, the Internet, and people who can collect data,” said Paharia.Successful contest entrants will offer ways to highlight meaningful data that goes to the heart of a problem. For example, she said, providing raw numbers on how much money doctors get from pharmaceutical companies may be helpful, but putting those numbers together with physician-prescribing practices would make that data much more meaningful.Contest entries are due by Nov. 8, Paharia said. The prize money will be divided among a few winners, most likely with one top winner and one or two others. What happens next is also open-ended. The lead idea could be fleshed out by Center researchers, or the winner could be engaged to develop it more fully.“It’s not only giving people more information; it’s giving information that’s meaningful,” Paharia said.last_img read more

Mendoza enrollment rises

first_imgIn recent years, Mendoza College of Business has dealt with a rise in its number of students, which can be partially attributed to Bloomberg Businessweek’s No. 1 ranking of Notre Dame’s undergraduate business program.    “Mendoza is committed to providing an excellent business education to all interested students,” Roger Huang, the interim dean for the Mendoza College of Business, said. This year alone, the school has hired 13 new faculty members who now make up 10 percent of the total faculty positions in the College, Huang said. The academic day was also lengthened in order to allow more class sections. The implementation of such changes is necessary to accommodate the increase of students without diminishing the caliber of the education, he said. “This summer we also added another advisor to the Undergraduate Advising Office to ensure that our students continue to receive the high level of service they’ve come to expect,” Huang said. Currently, Mendoza has open enrollment in all of its six available business programs, and students, who must choose a major their sophomore year, will likely receive their first choice. “With pre-majoring advising, the University helps students make thoughtful, intentional decisions regarding their education and future career paths,” Huang said. According to a survey that was taken by students and recruiters, the three main factors that accounted for the No. 1 ranking were an engaged and accessible set of faculty and advisors, an emphasis on ethics and an award-winning Career Center, Huang said. “Through the survey, our students are telling us they receive an excellent grounding in all business principles, not just those specific to their major, which makes them adaptable to a wide variety of job responsibilities,” Huang said.   The Career Center at Notre Dame showed an 82 percent rate of full-time employment within six months of graduation for the Class of 2011. In addition, 17 percent of the remaining students enrolled in a graduate or professional school, service program or the military. Though worries exist about increasing enrollment, Huang said that Mendoza has kept a graduating class of approximately 665 students during the last two years. “I do not agree that Mendoza is overcrowded, but our No. 1 ranking in Bloomberg Business over quality schools such as Wharton, MIT, Cornell and Virginia for the past three years has certainly brought a lot of attention,” Huang said.   Even so, the University has created more ways of getting students involved in business without necessarily majoring in the College.   “The shared goal of everyone on campus is to ensure that students are aware of all the programs the University offers, that they make the choices that are right for them, and that, no matter what majors or minors they pursue, they take advantage of every opportunity that Notre Dame has to offer,” said Marie Blakey, senior director of Communications and Marketing in the College of Arts and Letters. Another Career Center survey showed that approximately 42 percent of Arts and Letters majors choose to go directly into the business world, she said. Students can now achieve a liberal arts education while simultaneously forming and strengthening a business background. “Many students who want to pursue a primary major in Arts and Letters are also interested in becoming literate in basic economics principles,” Blakey said. The Arts and Letters program now offers a new business minor specifically for students in its college. “We joined the College of Arts and Letters in creating the Business Economics minor to address their student’s interest in adding formal training in the fundamental concepts of business in a market economy,” Huang said.   In addition, a major in international economics is now possible as of this year. Blakey said the major is aimed at students in pursuit of international careers as well as those who want to remain in the US while still globally interacting in the business world. “The major combines the study of economics with courses in languages and cultures,” Blakey said. The College of Arts and Letters also offers its students a business boot camp, a four-day seminar, now held over fall break, which provides networking opportunities and the chance to create and present case studies to business executives. “It is an immersion experience in Chicago that gives students in the College a first-hand look at business operations and marketing in action,” Blakey said. In the fall of 2013, Huang said Mendoza plans to offer introductory courses in Accounting and Finance for Arts and Letters students taking the Business Economics minor. The introduction of new courses among other changes has shaped the business focus, but it has not defined it. “What stands us apart from others is the Notre Dame business education that integrates the mind and the heart and faith with reason, and we have done so from the founding of our College,” Huang said. Students may enter the Mendoza College of Business or enroll in the College of Arts and Letters, but either way they will graduate with more than just a strong business background.last_img read more

Man Charged After Allegedly Damaging Parking Meters

first_imgShare:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) DUNKIRK – A City of Dunkirk man is facing charges after allegedly damaging parking meters on Central Avenue in Dunkirk Tuesday afternoon.Dunkirk Police say Gabriel Soto, 27, was taken into custody after witnesses identified him at the scene of the crime.Additionally, police allege Soto was found in possession of tools used to cause the damage.Soto also allegedly had several hypodermic instruments on his person. Officers say Soto is charged with fourth-degree criminal mischief, possession of burglar’s tools and possession of hypodermic instruments.Soto was processed at the Police Headquarters in Dunkirk and released with an appearance ticket under New York State’s Bail Reform law.last_img read more

The Vermont Interpreter Referral Service Marks 10 Year Anniversary

first_imgThe Vermont Interpreter Referral Service (VIRS) iscelebrating ten years of providing interpreting services for Vermonters.The Vermont Interpreter Referral Service was founded October 1,1992. Ithas grown steadily as awareness of the Service, its effectiveness, and theimplications of the landmark federal legislation, Americans withDisabilities Act (ADA), also enacted in 1992, have grown.VIRS provides state-wide interpreter and CART referral services forAmerican Sign Language (ASL)/English interpreting assignments in settingssuch as governmental, mental health, medical, legal, employment,educational, civil and recreational. VIRS serves all Vermonters, bothhearing and deaf, in need of securing a sign language interpreter.VIRS also provides advocacy for deaf clients, training opportunities forinterpreters and serves as an informational resource throughout the state.Initially established with funding from the Vermont Division of VocationalRehabilitation as a pilot project, the Service is currently funded with agrant from the Department of Aging and Disabilities and with fundsgenerated from finder¹s fees.Rene¹ Pellerin, Coordinator of Services for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing,says, “Without question, VIRS enables a far more efficient and effectivesystem of locating interpreters for assignments throughout the state ofVermont. Without them, it would be a time consuming task for individualagencies and businesses to obtain interpreting services.”In honor of the tenth anniversary, and marking yet another leap forward inthe evolution of communications access within the state, VIRS is pleased to announce the official launch of a new comprehensive website,at: is external), providing information online for businesses,organizations, interpreters, deaf and hard of hearing people as well asinteractive options for requesting interpreters.A special anniversary event, open to the public, is scheduled for May 3,2003 at the Vermont Center for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing, 60 AustineDrive, Brattleboro. Additional details will be announced closer to thedate.last_img read more

Serving up justice in the desert

first_imgServing up justice in the desert February 1, 2005 Regular News Serving up justice in the desert Capt. Greg Weiss Chief, Military Justice, Iraq In my case the accused, the victim, and a few other soldiers had engaged in a lighthearted discussion outside of the unit’s sleeping tents at Baghdad International Airport after a long day of work. I can only assume that these soldiers had been drinking alcohol in violation of General Order #1, which prohibits the “sale, possession, manufacture, or consumption of alcohol” in theater.The discussion became a marketplace for racial jokes, which is not terribly uncommon in the Army. I am neither advocating nor judging the conversation, but rather relaying the facts. This type of discussion took place commonly in this unit throughout their deployment, with the participation of almost all, if not all, of the members of the unit. Soldiers of all races in the unit both made and were made the subject of these jokes, and during this particular conversation, the victim made a joke that offended the accused. Soon after the discussion ended, the soldiers departed for the evening.At around 2330 hours the victim entered his sleeping tent and eventually went to sleep. Several hours later, at around 0230 hours, the accused snuck into victim’s sleeping tent to find the victim, but was unsuccessful as the tent was dark inside. The accused then went back to his sleeping tent and brought back a flashlight and was thereby able to locate the now sleeping victim. As the victim was lying motionless in his cot, with his eyes closed, the accused approached without warning and hit him several times with a closed fist to the victim’s head. When the disoriented victim fell out of his cot, the accused stomped or kicked the victim’s head until someone else in the sleeping tent woke up and told the accused to leave. Though the victim was beaten up pretty badly, he did not suffer any broken bones or permanent damage.The defense counsel assigned to the case never interviewed the victim, which was unfortunate for the accused, because she could have presented the neither sympathetic nor scarred victim as a defense sentencing witness. I was able to get the pieces of the victim’s testimony that were the most aggravating into evidence through a stipulation of fact without risking having the victim testify. In addition, both the accused’s first sergeant and platoon sergeant testified that the accused was a great soldier, a “go to” guy. Their testimony forced me to cross-examine each witness with a barrage of leading questions such as, “Does a good soldier stomp on the head of a fellow soldier?” to test the basis of the opinion. I do not enjoy laying into senior noncommissioned officers on cross, but I gave them fair warning, and they chose to testify regardless.In the judge-alone forum selected by the accused, the judge sentenced him to 10 months confinement and a bad conduct discharge, far beyond most predictions, so I was pleased with the result despite that this was one of my minor cases. Though I would like to believe that my advocacy on behalf of the government was the reason for the sentence, I am fairly certain that this judge knew what he was going to sentence before hearing any evidence or argument.Staff Sgt. Alex Straub and I served as the confinee escorts to avoid forcing the unit to send 16 soldiers in four vehicles on a convoy to Baghdad in order to provide the two required escorts. After the judge announced his sentence, Sgt. Straub and I became responsible for the accused until we dropped him off at the Camp Arifjan Confinement Facility in Kuwait. We arranged transportation for the following morning.Incoming rockets serve as a great alarm clock: no snooze button. We woke up at 0530 in the transient sleeping tents at Victory Base to the sounds and vibrations of explosions. The first one sounded close and the second one closer before we made it to the nearest bunker with our confinee. The next four rockets were close enough that we could hear them whistling before impact. Unlike LSA Anaconda, Victory Base does not have an air siren to warn of incoming indirect fire or to sound with the learned-to-be-reassuring “all clear.” Thus, after a 10-minute lull we simply uncorked ourselves from the bunker without further guidance and gathered the rest of our gear to get the hell off Victory Base and over to Baghdad International Airport to fly down to Kuwait.We arrived at Baghdad International shortly thereafter in two SUVs only to discover that the Air Force closed the gate to all traffic because of the attacks at Victory Base. This quickly became a catch-22 as more incoming rounds started to impact about 400 meters away, on the far side of airport’s main runways. The gate to the airport was closed because of the incoming fire, but the only bunkers to protect us were in Baghdad International. Ironically we wanted to get closer to the impacting rounds because that was the location of the bunkers. Eventually, the incoming fire stopped and we were allowed in.We knew that our confinee was our “Army Frequent Flyer Medallion Level Pass,” and we were manifested on the first C-130 down to Kuwait because he was “Priority 1” as a confinee. While we were waiting for the flight in a holding tent, I ventured into the airport’s post-exchange trailer (literally a semi-trailer). On the magazine rack, situated between the last thumbed-through copy remaining of Maxim, FMH, and Stuff I found multiple pristine copies of the current Foreign Affairs. The condition and abundance of the magazine was not surprising; only the fact that it was there in the first place.After waiting a few hours, we again gathered all of our gear, boarded a bus, drove onto the tarmac, and unloaded behind the tailgate of a C-130 with the engines still turning. Just before we could walk onto the aircraft, literally 20 meters away from the tailgate ramp, a personnel security contractor from Blackwater (a private company which hires former special forces types to protect diplomats) took over the plane on behalf of some unnamed higher-up. We were so close to getting to Kuwait, but as we were to soon find out, so far.All other flights leaving Baghdad International that day were cancelled because of the intermittent indirect fire. Think about your frustration upon being stuck in a major metropolitan airport, such as Hartsfield in Atlanta, for several hours. Contrast the veritable shopping malls inside, complete with food courts, restaurants, book stores, and, importantly, bars, with a big sweaty tent containing a few cots, cases of MREs, and a trailer vending a few magazines targeted for 17-year-olds and stale Moon Pies. In addition, we were not just waiting to get home from a business trip; we were waiting to get away from the incoming rockets and mortars to the no-threat environment of Kuwait. Nine hours later we were offered seats on a flight of civilian contractors, which we immediately snapped up.The interior of a C-130 used for passenger travel (or jumping, for that matter) is divided in half lengthwise by cargo netting. On either side of the cargo netting are canvas folding benches running the length of the cargo netting. Facing the back-to-back interior benches are two canvas benches lining the exterior wall of the fuselage. In other words, the interior of the aircraft is divided in half lengthwise and each half has two long lengthwise canvas benches facing each other, with no one facing the direction of travel. I was sitting in one of the middle benches facing the exterior bench and a window on this flight. The taxi out was ordinary and I was happy to be on my way to a country where indirect fire is not an occupational hazard.As we accelerated down the runway and took off, my relief and possession of a settled stomach were cut short by what sounded like an old-fashioned cash register ringing up a sale. The sound was actually anti-targeting flares being shot off of both sides of the plane. Simultaneously, my perspective out of the window immediately changed from looking at a normal horizon to wildly staring straight at the ground from 50 meters above it as we were in a very sharp bank. My view immediately rolled back past the normal horizon to straight into the blue sky for the opposite sharp bank, then again woefully past the normal horizon and straight at the ground yet again for another bank. After the series of evasive maneuvers, which turned out later to be prompted by someone on the ground engaging our flight, we climbed sharply. I was sweating profusely and was more concerned about my nausea than the fact that someone on the ground was trying to shoot us. Thirty minutes later the flight and life itself was back to normal in the way it only can be in Iraq.We landed in Kuwait an hour and a half later and First Lt. Andy Holmes, who used to reside in a trailer near mine at LSA Anaconda, picked us up and drove us to the Arifjan Confinement Facility.We found out watching CNN later that an improvised explosive device had exploded outside Baghdad International earlier that day and killed a few fellow soldiers traveling to the airport. A few days later when we were at Kuwait City International waiting to get back to LSA Anaconda, we saw a C-130 conducting a funeral detail. A refrigeration truck was backed up to the C-130 and the soldiers moving the fallen soldier were at ramrod attention. I was filled with guilt upon seeing the detail, as Sgt. Straub and I were potentially in close proximity to where this soldier may have been killed a few days prior.After we dropped off the accused, we went to First Lt. Holmes’ post just outside of Camp Arifjan. It was good to see someone who was previously with us at LSA Anaconda, and he was filled with pride in his new unit for having been deployed to Iraq before joining them in Kuwait. Before I deployed to Iraq, I thought little of the difference between soldiers who had been to Iraq or Afghanistan versus other countries in the Middle East where we are staging (as opposed to running) combat operations. I am not an infantryman on patrol in downtown Baghdad or a driver on the IED laden roads of Iraq, but I do share some bond with other soldiers who have deployed with me to Iraq. The following day we were manifested on another C-130 flight back to LSA Anaconda to prepare for the next trial term, armed not only with only our M-16s, but also a new appreciation for the soldiers assigned to Baghdad. In civilian life, Capt. Greg Weiss is an associate with Wicker, Smith, O’Hara, Mccoy, Graham, and Ford in West Palm Beach, who was mobilized from a reserve component for duty in Iraq. Capt. Weiss’ has agreed to share his wartime experiences with his fellow Florida Bar members through the News .last_img read more

The CUInsight Experience podcast: Miriam De Dios Woodward – Embracing change (#41)

first_img 8SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr,Randall Smith Randall Smith is the co-founder of, the host of The CUInsight Experience podcast, and a bit of a wanderlust.As one of the co-founders of he … Web: Details Thank you for tuning in to episode 41 of The CUInsight Experience podcast. Hosted by Randy Smith, co-founder of Today Randy is talking to Miriam De Dios Woodward, the President and CEO of PolicyWorks.Regulatory compliance challenges that confront credit unions change and grow every year. Miriam believes in the value credit unions bring and is dedicated to helping them navigate the changing tides of these issues.Miriam discusses the need for diversity, equity, and inclusion in the workplace and how credit unions will need to change their mindset to stay relevant in today’s market. She says, don’t let the compliance burden overwhelm your business. There are excellent resources out there to help you, so take advantage of them.Randy and Miriam have a conversation about leadership and leading from a place of abundance instead of limitations. They discuss the personal connections you get with people in the credit union industry and how that was one of the things that pulled her into a career with credit unions from the beginning.Miriam has excellent insights into finding balance with a career and a new baby, making personal development a priority throughout your career and embracing change. This episode is packed with information that can help you take your job to the next level. You won’t want to miss a single word. Enjoy!Subscribe on: Apple Podcasts, Spotify, Google Play, Stitcher How to find Miriam:Miriam De Dios Woodward, President and CEO of [email protected]ksllc.comLinkedin | Twitter Show notes from this episode:Check out all the great work Miriam and her team are doing at PolicyWorks for credit unions.Find out about more of Miriam here.Shout-out: Coopera where Miriam was the president and CEO.Shout-out: Warren and Christina MorrowAlbum mentioned: Pies Descalzos by SHAKIRABook mentioned: Strengthsfinder by Tom RathBook mentioned: Emotional Intelligence by Daniel GolemanBook mentioned: Lean In: Women, Work and the Will to Lead by Sheryl SandbergBook mentioned: The Trusted Advisor by David MaisterBook mentioned: Servant Leadership by Ken BlanchardBook mentioned: Becoming by Michelle ObamaBoth of us are big Audible fans.Previous guests mentioned in this episode: Jill Nowacki (episodes 4, 18 & 37)You can find all past episodes of The CUInsight Experience here. In This Episode:[01:24] – Miriam, I am so excited to have you on the show![02:03] – Randy and Miriam discuss her transition from Coopera to its larger sister company PolicyWorks.[04:01] – What challenges do credit unions have with regulations and compliance issues? What is PolicyWorks doing to help?[06:27] – Miriam talks about her need to learn and get involved in organizations that she feels she can help.[07:46] – Parenting her infant daughter is her passion right now; being a new mom takes much time.[09:20] – At what level do diversity, equity, and inclusion start? How does it start?[10:16] – What belief in credit unions will have to change to stay relevant fundamentally?[11:40] – Being proactive with compliance is a mindset that can be beneficial.[12:27] – Miriam tells us a story about how she started her career in credit unions.[14:16] – Her inspiration in credit unions has not changed; she loves the personal connection of the mission-driven industry that credit unions are.[15:58] – Connecting with people and her team was one of the first things she did as the leader of PolicyWorks.[17:17] – What would your team say about your leadership style?[18:03] – Embracing change is something her team has heard her say over and over as she learns her way in this new position.[19:02] – Young leaders seem to make the mistake of not connecting with new people and trying to fit in when they should let their differences shine.[21:12] – What failures did you have earlier in your career that you have learned from?[22:31] – She was told early in her career always to make the time for personal development and lead from the place of abundance instead of limitations.[24:41] – How do you keep your message fresh? PolicyWorks message?[26:24] – Miriam makes time to travel with her family on her free days, a road trip, or just a new experience.[27:28] – What was the first time you got into memorable trouble?[28:13] – She needs a green shake or smoothie every morning, or it throws off her day.[29:18] – Her favorite album?[30:45] – What book have you gifted the most? What is your favorite book to read?[31:56] – Family time is the most important thing to her, so she tries to be strategic with things outside of them.[33:45] – When you hear the word success who comes to mind?[34:31] – Any final thoughts or asks for your listeners?last_img read more