Climate forcing of sea-ice losses from the Arctic and West Antarctic are blueing the poles. These losses are accelerating, reducing Earth’s albedo and increasing heat absorption . Subarctic forest (area expansion and increased growth) and ice-shelf losses (resulting in new phytoplankton blooms which are eaten by benthos) are the only significant described negative feedbacks acting to counteract the effects of increasing CO2 on a warming planet, together accounting for uptake of ∼107 tonnes of carbon per year . Most sea-ice loss to date has occurred over polar continental shelves, which are richly, but patchily, colonised by benthic animals. Most polar benthos feeds on microscopic algae (phytoplankton), which has shown increased blooms coincident with sea-ice losses . Here, growth responses of Antarctic shelf benthos to sea-ice losses and phytoplankton increases were investigated. Analysis of two decades of benthic collections showed strong increases in annual production of shelf seabed carbon in West Antarctic bryozoans. These were calculated to have nearly doubled to >2×105 tonnes of carbon per year since the 1980s. Annual production of bryozoans is median within wider Antarctic benthos , so upscaling to include other benthos (combined study species typically constitute ∼3% benthic biomass) suggests an increased drawdown of ∼2.9×106 tonnes of carbon per year. This drawdown could become sequestration because polar continental shelves are typically deeper than most modern iceberg scouring, bacterial breakdown rates are slow, and benthos is easily buried. To date, most sea-ice losses have been Arctic, so, if hyperboreal benthos shows a similar increase in drawdown, polar continental shelves would represent Earth’s largest negative feedback to climate change.
The Bard Early Colleges, tuition-free, satellite campuses of BardCollege operated through partnerships with public school systems,are founded on the belief that many high-school-age students areeager and ready for the intellectual challenges of a collegeeducation.Employer Website: http://apply.interfolio.com/79881Bard High School Early College (BHSEC) Baltimore, a partnershipbetween Bard College and the Baltimore City Public Schools inBaltimore, Maryland, invites applications for a full-time facultyposition in Mathematics, beginning August 2021. Field ofspecialization is open; experience teaching Algebra I and/orGeometry at the high school level is preferred.The Bard early colleges enable talented and highly motivatedstudents to complete a high school diploma and an Associate of Artsdegree from Bard College within four years of study. The academicprogram emphasizes social justice and equity practices, smallclasses, and a commitment to teaching a diverse student body.The successful applicant for this position must be committed toteaching classes at the high school level; potential to teach atthe college level is available for candidates who will have atleast an MS in mathematics or related field at the time ofemployment. In addition, candidates will be expected to participatefully in the life of the school, including student advising, clubadvising, and committee service.To ApplyTo apply, send a letter of interest, one-page teaching statement,curriculum vitae, and three letters of reference as a .pdf usingthe Interfolio job application link provided here: http://apply.interfolio.com/79881.QuestionsInquiries about vacant positions, as well as letters of referencebeing sent through Interfolio can be submitted to Dr. FrancescaGamber, Principal, at [email protected] of applications to begin immediately.Bard High School Early College is an equal opportunity employer andwe welcome applications from those who contribute to our diversity.Women and members of under-represented groups are stronglyencouraged to apply. Please see the Bard employee handbook for moreinformation about the employee policies of the College.This position is contingent upon passing Baltimore City PublicSchools pre-employment screening process and availability of funds.Work authorization in the United States is required for all BHSECBaltimore faculty positions.AA/EOE
It Happens Here (IHH), Oxford University Student Union’s (OUSU) sexual harrasment campaign group, has recently taken their consent classes to France.Several members of the IHH committee ran the workshops with students aged 15-18 at the Anglophone Section of the Lycée François Premier in Fontainebleau, a commune close to Paris, from 24 to 27 November.The consent classes, which are similar to those IHH organise through JCRs for freshers’ week, mark the first international trip of the group’s latest initiative to offer adapted versions of consent workshops in schools outside Oxford.The workshops were some of the first of their kind to take place in France, where the idea of consent education is relatively unknown compared to the UK.Josh Rampton, the co-chair of IHH, which is “committed to raising awareness of sexual violence, supporting survivors, and promoting consent and first response education”, described the work as “a great success”.Rampton told Cherwell, “The committee members were pleasantly shocked by how quickly and fervently most of the students became engaged with the subject. The students, much like those in Freshers Week, were horrified but often not surprised by the statistics that were discussed. They were given French statistics illustrating the prevalence of sexual harassment, assault, and rape in these workshops.“Despite many comments to the effect of ‘but this is obvious…’, quite a few very basic misconceptions surrounding sexual assault were successfully dismantled. Many students were surprised to learn of the controversy these workshops provoked in the UK.”One sixth-former at the Lycée, Antoine Sacco, shared the optimism of IHI. He said, “It was definitely a good idea, and the fact that we had data for both France and the UK was very pleasant. Students liked it much [sic], even though it would have been great to have different activities. Reading comments about sexual harassment was quite boring from the fourth one.“I believe everybody enjoyed it and praise the initiative taken there.”On behalf of the University’s Faculty of Modern Languages, Simon Kemp, Associate Professor of French at Somerville, told Cherwell, “We’re very proud of our students’ determination to make a difference and delighted to have the university associated with such important work. I’m glad that the consent workshops in France were a success, and that French media interest means their efforts may have a broader impact.”For the first time this October, every Oxford JCR ran ‘compulsory’ consent classes.Similar workshops were met with backlash at some universities. Undergraduates at York University and Clare College in Cambridge boycotted the “patronising” consent classes.
ABA Advises ‘Reasonable Efforts’ To Protect Client Datawww.threindianalawyer.comA new ethics opinion from the American Bar Association is calling on attorneys to make “reasonable efforts” to ensure their electronic attorney-client communications are not subject to inadvertent or unauthorized disclosure.The ABA Standing Committee on Ethics and Professional Responsibility issued Formal Ethics Opinion 477 on May 11, providing an update to Formal Opinion 99-412, which was handed down in 1999. The original 1999 opinion addressed lawyers’ confidentiality obligations for email communication, but subsequent evolution in the “role and risks of technology in the practice of law” required the committee to update its recommendations for protecting client information.In today’s world, attorneys generally use electronic means as their primary method of communication with clients, and that communication can take place on a number of different devices, each susceptible to data breaches, the opinion says. Thus, attorneys must ensure their clients understand the security concerns associated with electronic communication and, further, must make reasonable efforts to protect communications on each device from an inadvertent hack.A “reasonable effort” is a fact-sensitive question, the committee said. The opinion offers seven recommendations for making reasonable efforts to protect client data and communications:• Understand the nature of the threat• Understand how client confidential information is transmitted and stored• Understand and use reasonable electronic security measures• Determine how electronic communications about client matters should be stored• Label client confidential information• Train lawyers and nonlawyer assistants in technology and information security• Conduct due diligence on vendors providing communication technologyIn sum, “a lawyer generally may transmit information relating to the representation of a client over the Internet without violating the Model Rules of Professional Conduct where the lawyer has undertaken reasonable efforts to prevent inadvertent or unauthorized access to information relating to the representation.” However, the opinion goes on to advise, “a lawyer may be required to take special security precautions to protect against the inadvertent or unauthorized disclosure of client information when required by an agreement with the client or by law, or when the nature of the information requires a higher degree of security.”The full text of Formal Opinion 477 can be found here.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
As we all know, Hurricane Matthew hit the Southeast last weekend and devastated the area. One town hit particularly hard was St. Augustine, FL, home of the famed St. Augustine Amphitheatre. That venue was to be the site of the newly-relocated MagnoliaFest, which was set to take place this Saturday, October 15th, and was to feature a lineup that included JJ Grey & Mofro, The Infamous Stringdusters, Billy Bragg, Keller Williams and more.However, it now appears that the effects of Hurricane Matthew have put a damper on the MagnoliaFest festivities. In a new statement just released by MagnoliaFest organizers, it seems that the venue needs to be fully inspected by the state before it can reopen. As that inspection is still ongoing, the festival has been forced to cancel their events. This includes the late night party as well, scheduled for the nearby Elk’s Lodge.The festival has shared this information and outlined plans for ticket refunds in an open letter announcement to its fans. You can read that below.DUE TO EFFECTS OF HURRICANE MATTHEW, THE SATURDAY OCTOBER 15 20TH ANNUAL MAGNOLIAFEST EVENT HAS BEEN CANCELLEDSt. Augustine, Fla. (October 12, 2016) – Due to the disastrous effects of Hurricane Matthew in St. Augustine and St. Augustine Beach, the 20th Annual MagnoliaFest cannot take place on October 15 at the St. Augustine Amphitheatre. A full venue inspection is underway and must be completed prior to the Amphitheatre reopening to the public in its full capacity. Additionally, there is muchstrain to local services and infrastructure throughout the surrounding areas. All efforts throughout the area are focused on relief and rebuilding damaged areas.The Official MagnoliaFest After Party that was to be held at the Elks Lodge has also been canceled.Ticket refunds for The 20th Annual MagnoliaFest Celebrating the Stetson Kennedy Centennial are available at the point of purchase. Tickets purchased at the St. Augustine Amphitheatre or Ponte Vedra Concert Hall Box Offices will be refunded at the Box Offices. Patrons that purchased tickets online or by phone via TicketMaster must contact TicketMaster for refunds. TicketMaster may be reached at (800) 745-3000.We’re disappointed that the 20th anniversary MagnoliaFest will not be able to happen, and hope that everyone in the area remains safe during this difficult time.
Fresh off Dead & Company tour, bassist Oteil Burbridge is still feeling the spiritual benefits of joining the never-ending tribe of the Grateful Dead. Fans most likely have some questions built up for Burbridge, and he’s now giving them the chance to ask them. Today on Reddit, Oteil Burbridge will host an “AMA” session on the Grateful Dead subreddit. The official time for the “Ask Me Anything” session is 3:00PM ET.Having taken his emotions to social media accounts since the inception of Dead & Company, it’s been a wild ride for fans of the O-Zone to see him blossom in so many directions. Burbridge sang three tunes throughout the 2017 Summer Dead & Company tour, which lasted from the end of may through the first of July, drew in nearly 500,000 fans and consisted of 20 concerts, 10 of which were sold out shows, in 15 cities, while simultaneously expanding his Grateful Dead bass catalog and proving his indispensable role to the whole nature along the way.Dead & Company Recaps Tour Success, Sets Attendance Record for Wrigley FieldThe efforts of the “Let Oteil Sing” campaign served with a dual purpose to raise money for the Gorilla Doctors, a non-profit organization saving wild gorillas–selected by Burbridge himself. And while the shirts probably had only a slight impact on the band’s decision to “let Oteil sing,” it was a glorious effort from his fans to bring the worlds of giving together. Read his reactions below.Rock An Official “Let Oteil Sing” T-Shirt, And All Proceeds Will Go To CharityThe last couple of months have been an emotional roller coaster, to say the least, so don’t miss the opportunity to ask Oteil Burbridge anything on the Grateful Dead subreddit. The official time for the “Ask Me Anything” session will be revealed tomorrow.
Harvard women’s hockey coach Katie Stone only granted her players a couple hours to celebrate their 1-0 Beanpot championship win over No. 7 Northeastern, but the No. 6-ranked Crimson earned every precious minute of that bliss.“They have until midnight to enjoy the Beanpot,” said Stone. “That’s what we talk about. Whether we’ve won or we haven’t won, think about it, wake up tomorrow morning, and it’s on to the next thing.”The game’s lone goal came from a shot by Harvard forward Liza Ryabkina ’11, the tournament’s unanimous most valuable player, who scored a career-high four goals in the Crimson’s 5-0 opening round win over Boston College on Feb. 2. She finished with a tournament-best five goals.“It’s pretty amazing. There’s really no other word for it,” said Ryabkina. “We wanted to win this Beanpot, and I think everyone played really well and really hard.”Claiming its 13th Beanpot overall, and second in the past three years, the team won a game eerily reminiscent of last year’s final, when Boston College needed just one goal to claim the title over the Crimson. That was the first 1-0 Beanpot final ever. This was the second.“We’re certainly happy to bring the Beanpot back to Cambridge and Harvard. It was an excellent hockey game, back and forth,” said Stone. “Those are the kinds of games championships should be like.”Harvard goaltender Laura Bellamy ’13, who stopped all 27 shots by the Huskies, finished the tournament with 42 saves and two shutouts. She was honored with the Bertagna Award as the tournament’s top goaltender.“The team’s played so well offensively, it’s made my job easy to try to keep the puck out of the net,” said Bellamy, who, in her eight starts since senior netminder Christina Kessler went down with a season-ending injury, has recorded three shutouts.Bellamy only saw 11 shots through the first two periods. But when Northeastern picked up the pace in the final one, the freshman goaltender was ready, stopping 16 shots.“I just had to keep telling myself to stay locked in,” said Bellamy, because “you never know what can happen.”“Just like any team that’s coming from behind in a championship, they’re going to take some risks, they’re going to get a little desperate, so we are going to need to manage that kind of pressure, and I thought we did a nice job with it,” said Stone.Although the Crimson met the challenge of defeating a top-10 team in a midseason championship, more hurdles lie ahead for Harvard, which after a short rest will have two games on the road against Rensselaer (Feb. 12) and Union (Feb. 13), before closing the season at second-place Clarkson (Feb. 19) and fourth-place St. Lawrence (Feb. 20).“That’s the beauty of being a college hockey player. You win, you have to turn it up and keep winning; you don’t win, you have to figure out a way to win again,” said Stone.Despite the need for short-term memory in college hockey, Ryabkina couldn’t help but plead with her coach to extend the celebration, asking, “Could we have until 12:15 tonight?”
The Harvard Business School Action Plan for Racial Equity, an ambitious plan to advance racial equity both within and beyond the School, was announced today in a message from HBS Dean Nitin Nohria to the community. “This moment has made urgently clear that the School must redouble its commitment to combat racism — and anti-Black racism in particular — to create meaningful and enduring change that will enable every member of our community to thrive” said Nohria in a message to faculty, students, staff, and alumni. “Our Action Plan for Racial Equity reflects our highest aspirations for the School and the role it can play in business and society.” The plan was drafted by the Dean’s Anti-Racism Task Force, a group of 25 members of the community tasked with developing an action plan to advance anti-racism education and research, support the Black community at HBS and beyond, engage the broader business community, and change the School’s culture and organization. Chief Information Officer of HBS Ron Chandler, Senior Associate Dean for Culture and Community Jan Hammond, and Senior Associate Dean and Chair of the MBA Program Jan Rivkin led the effort. “Crafting the plan was a major effort undertaken in the midst of a long overdue racial reckoning across America and around the world,” said Rivkin. “I can’t recall a time when so many people at HBS came together with such a shared sense of urgency and conviction for real change. I think everyone understands that the work to which we are committing will make Harvard Business School better — for every member of our community. Now that it is launched, the hard but fulfilling work of executing the plan begins.” Creating a shared visionThe Task Force first met on July 1 to begin to build consensus around a common vision and identify the cornerstones of a plan for racial equity at HBS. It settled on seven key areas and set up work streams for each, casting a wider net to engage more members of the community. What began as a 25-person Task Force quickly expanded to 72. Each work stream was asked to generate two or three bold but achievable ideas for how the School could advance racial equity. The recommendations were discussed and refined through multiple iterations, and the Task Force co-chairs sought broad input from the community before finalizing the action plan. “The Task Force leaders were certain from the start that a successful action plan would emerge only by including, and carefully listening to, a broad set of voices of Black members of our community,” said Hammond. “The ideas the work streams developed emerged out of thoughtful, candid, and sometimes difficult discussions — the kind of discussions we will have to continue having to make progress and meaningful change.” Highlights from the planThe plan describes seven steps the School has committed to take to improve racial equity on its campus and in the business world more broadly, beginning with an unambiguous rejection of racism, and anti-Black racism in particular, and a vision for HBS to become an institution that exhibits racial equity itself and educates leaders who advance racial equity in other organizations.The second step calls for establishing enduring structures that will sustain HBS’s work on racial equity, beginning with hiring a Chief Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Officer who reports to the highest levels of the School. The School will also establish and fund a Racial Equity Initiative to serve as a hub for research, course development, convening, and outreach related to race in business and the economy. The third step focuses on attracting additional Black talent to the School’s faculty, student body, and staff. Efforts include reaching more thoroughly into talent pipelines and pools, confronting current practices that impede diversity, reducing financial barriers for promising students of all backgrounds, developing programs that meet the professional needs of Black talent, and creating a culture that makes HBS a particularly attractive place for diverse faculty, students, and staff to do their best work. The fourth step involves supporting the development and dissemination of research and course material that advances racial equity in business. The Racial Equity Initiative will play an important role in this effort, working closely with HBS and visiting scholars to strengthen research, promote collaborations between HBS faculty and faculty at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), and develop more cases with diverse protagonists and course material relevant to racial equity. Step five calls for equipping HBS’s students to become leaders for racial equity by better training faculty to lead sensitive discussions about race, mandating program chairs to outline and improve how diversity, equity and inclusion issues are addressed in their educational programs, and increasing the diversity of speakers, panelists, and attendees at HBS convenings. The sixth step centers on engaging with the broader business community to promote racial equity. Initial steps will include adjusting purchasing practices to include a greater share of Black-owned businesses and enabling and encouraging companies that recruit at HBS to reveal how well they are performing on diversity metrics. Future steps may include, for example, convening roundtables of Black executives and allied leadership to deepen the community’s understanding of best practices for creating and managing a diverse workforce. Step seven describes how the School will hold itself accountable to meaningful, measurable progress. Ownership of every aspect of the plan has been assigned to a senior faculty or staff member responsible for launching the work and defining a timeline. A regularly updated public report and an internal dashboard will track HBS’s progress on its racial equity work. And a Board of Advisors will be assembled to review the School’s progress, advise HBS’s leaders, and keep the racial equity efforts on track. The path forwardThe Task Force leaders note that the most difficult work is about to begin. To support this critical work, Nohria has committed $25 million dollars during the next 10 years, and the School will seek additional support from donors to sustain the plan over time. “The plan is a really important step in what now has to be a sustained effort.” said Chandler. “I’ve seen firsthand the passion of our community for this work on racial equity. There is real recognition that we all own this.” “To be true to our mission, we must enlist the full spectrum of human talent and educate leaders who will make the most of the differences that enrich us individually, and societies globally,” added Nohria.The complete Harvard Business School Action Plan for Racial Equality can be found here. Read Full Story
By Dialogo August 22, 2011 U.S. Navy divers assigned to Mobile Dive and Salvage Unit Two (MDSU 2) company 23, joined divers from Panama, Belize and Canada to exchange knowledge and tactics in Panama City, Panama. MDSU 2 divers are deployed as a part of Navy Dive Southern Partnership 2011 (ND-SPS 11) and are joining PANAMAX during this part of their deployment. This engagement will include an exchange of information with the multinational divers on dive medicine, chamber operations, and cutting and welding techniques, while conducting a salvage survey as part of PANAMAX. “This is a great experience for our new divers, and a chance for them to gain knowledge and experience from the U.S. divers,” said Sgt. Abel Dominguez, a diver for the Panamanian forces. “Those of us with experience look forward to learning salvage diving and underwater cutting and welding.” ND-SPS 2011 is a joint subject matter exchange, allowing divers of different nations to learn tactics of other nations and share experiences, increasing interoperability amongst the nations. “We have a small dive team and are not experienced in many dive tactics,” said Ensign Ray Good, a Belize coast guard diver. “We look forward to increasing or knowledge of diving and learning new tactics during this engagement.” MDSU 2 members look forward to the subject matter exchange and building a lasting partnership with the divers of Panama and Belize. “The opportunity for us to work and engage with the divers of the Panamanian forces is a great honor and opportunity,” said Chief Warrant Officer James Hordinski, officer in charge of MDSU 2 company 23. “Being able to operate with multinational forces as part of SPS and PANAMAX speaks volumes to strengthening partnerships and increasing interoperability with our partner nations in the region.” PANAMAX 2011 is an annual multinational training exercise sponsored by U.S. Southern Command focused on the security of the Panama Canal being held Aug. 15-26. Participating during the 12-day event are 3,500 civil and military representatives from Argentina, Belize, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and the United States. The exercise is being held off the coasts of Panama and U.S.
Recent cases of alleged police brutality — especially by white officers against minorities — and negligence were already grabbing headlines all over the United States, sparking a national outcry and rekindling concerns about race relations.”We won’t stop,” Sharpton said in a reference to the protests. “We’re going to keep going until we change the whole system of justice.” “America, this is the time for dealing with accountability in the criminal justice system,” he added.The country has seen more than a week of nationwide protests over Floyd’s death, captured in a shocking video showing white officer Derek Chauvin kneeling on Floyd’s neck as he pleaded for his life.The wave of civil unrest has been unlike any seen in the US since the 1968 assassination of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.At the memorial service, mourners observed eight minutes and 46 seconds of silence, the length of time that Chauvin kept his knee to Floyd’s neck, including for two minutes and 53 seconds after he became unresponsive. US civil rights leader Al Sharpton said Thursday at a memorial service for George Floyd, the African-American whose death during an arrest set off mass protests, that it was time to hold police accountable.”You changed the world George,” the 65-year-old Baptist minister said at the memorial service at North Central University in Minneapolis, where Floyd died on May 25.”This is the era to deal with policing,” Sharpton said. Topics :