Mollusc species richness and abundance from shelf to abyssal depths in the Ross Sea (Antarctica): the importance of fine-mesh-towed gears and implications for future sampling

first_imgIn polar areas, where benthic sampling is constrained by a series of limitations imposed by climate and logistic challenges, knowledge about the key elements required to plan a successful survey is fundamental. During the International Polar Year (IPY, 2007/2008), under the Census of Antarctic Marine Life (CAML), new sampling campaigns were undertaken in several Antarctic areas comprising the Ross Sea. In this region, the 2008 NIWA IPY-CAML voyage obtained benthos samples from shelf to abyssal depths. In the present study, we focus on the Mollusca from this expedition and on the possible variations in their richness and composition with latitude and depth. Given the use of sampling gears selective for different size fractions of the macrofauna, we also assess which size fraction contained the highest biodiversity. Differences were detected in species composition with latitude (averaged across depth groups) but not for depth (averaged across latitudinal groups). Richness varied locally and showed a variety of patterns depending on the areas and depths considered. The greatest diversity of molluscs was found in the fine fraction (i.e., <4.1 mm) where a considerable number of species corresponded to new species or new regional records. Rarity was high with up to ~41% of species represented by single individuals and ~63% occurring at one station only. Fine-mesh trawling appears to be of fundamental importance in accelerating the census of the fine fraction, which is the one containing the highest diversity, and is recommended for future sampling in Antarctica and in polar areas in general.last_img read more

Report: Bryce Harper turned down ‘aggressive offer’ from Nationals

first_imgNovember 7, 2018 /Sports News – National Report: Bryce Harper turned down ‘aggressive offer’ from Nationals FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailDustin Bradford/Getty Images(NEW YORK) — The Washington Nationals made an offer to Bryce Harper late in the season in an attempt to reach a deal before he became a free agent.At the general managers’ meetings on Tuesday, Nationals general manager Mike Rizzo disclosed the team’s talks with Harper’s agent, Scott Boras.The team made Harper an “aggressive offer” in September that included no opt-outs and was less than the $400 million Harper was speculated to receive, according to Washington Post reports. Harper, who turned 26 last month, is expected to receive the largest contract among the 164 free agents. He is a six-time All-Star with 184 homers, 521 RBIs and a .900 OPS.Boras is known for extending talks with his free agents past the holiday break. His clients include Nationals pitchers Max Scherzer and Stephen Strasburg, and former Nats outfielder Jayson Werth.According to soruces, Boras is floating the notion that Harper could shift from outfield to first base which could open up negotiations with other teams. Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved. Written bycenter_img Beau Lundlast_img read more

Haarms scores 23 to lead BYU past Portland 95-67

first_img FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPROVO, Utah (AP) — Matt Haarms had a season-high 23 points as BYU romped past Portland 95-67.Latrell Jones led the Pilots on Thursday night with a season-high 21 points. Associated Press Tags: BYU Cougars Basketball/Matt Haarms/WCC January 21, 2021 /Sports News – Local Haarms scores 23 to lead BYU past Portland 95-67 Written bylast_img

Parents Say Education Bill Would Put Special Needs Students At Risk

first_img“They try to paint us as unrealistic parents,” Spiehler said. “A small minority of parents are, but that’s not the case for most families.”A separate provision in HB 1629 would close Indiana’s open-door law around school emails, which allows the public to request internal emails from schools under the Indiana Access to Public Records Act.While Spiehler and Moon-Walker said these emails are essential to monitoring a school’s involvement in a student’s IEP, some administrators see requests for emails as burdensome.“We have no issues whatsoever with handing over records, but conversations back and forth between internal staff are just a waste of our time, energy and money,” said Michael Beresford, superintendent of Carmel Clay Schools.Beresford also cited an instance in which one of his staff members spent more than 20 hours preparing a single records request involving emails, a process that often involves redactions and legal consultations in addition to finding the records.“I understand your dilemma,” Behning said in response. “We definitely want to conserve more money for the resources for serving students as opposed to searching through data.”Rep. Sheila Klinker, D-Lafayette, asked Beresford if most of the emails requested involved special education.“Not at all,” Beresford said.The committee will amend and vote on HB 1629 Monday.FOOT NOTE: Erica Irish is a reporter for TheStatehouseFile.com, a news website powered by Franklin College journalism students.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailShare Parents Say The Education Bill Would Put Special Needs Students At RiskBy Erica IrishTheStatehouseFile.comINDIANAPOLIS — Mary Spiehler’s 6-year-old daughter was diagnosed with a disability and assigned to an individualized education program (IEP) in 2018.For months, teachers at the school communicated with an occupational therapist working with Spiehler’s daughter. The group defined every detail to provide a comfortable and focused learning experience: regulated 10-minute breaks, select seating and pencil grips to help her daughter with writing.So far, Spiehler said, the implementation of her daughter’s IEP is on track, providing her with sensory accommodations that help her concentrate during critical class time.But Spiehler, along with thousands of families who navigate the state’s education system with a disabled child, is afraid new legislation will limit her ability to hold schools accountable.House Bill 1629—introduced by Rep. Bob Behning, R-Indianapolis—was reviewed by the House Education Committee Wednesday.The 14-page proposal would change multiple areas in Indiana’s education system, such as making high school students apply to the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FASFA) prior to graduation and widening the definition of “elementary schools” to include pre-kindergarten and kindergarten-only facilities.However, parents of children with disabilities say two provisions in HB 1629 would inhibit their ability to challenge schools that fail to secure necessary accommodations for disabled students.Erin Moon-Walker, a 34-year-old mother of two disabled daughters, testified against a provision that would split fees incurred when hearings are held to address parent complaints between the school corporation and family—even if the complaint is proven valid.Moon-Walker has brought administrative complaints against West Lafayette Community Schools twice, one on behalf of each daughter.She said the school corporation failed to provide an IEP to her youngest daughter after a doctor diagnosed her with social anxiety in 2017. The legal costs associated with this complaint put her family “thousands of dollars” in debt. She declined to provide a hard total.If HB 1629 were to become law, Moon-Walker said a mandatory sharing of costs would bankrupt families already in vulnerable situations.“The biggest issue I see is that our whole narrative around special education is not true,” Moon-Walker said after the hearing. “Schools have a legal duty to uphold these laws, and they’re just not doing it.”In the hearing, Behning said parent complaints are costly to schools and are often driven by unreasonable demands that are not in the best interests of the student. He said the provision will make legal battles fair for both parties.Spiehler said this couldn’t be farther from the truth.last_img read more

America, still at top

first_imgWith the world’s largest army, a population four times that of the United States, and an economy that outpaces America’s, it often may seem that this is China’s world and we’re all just living in it.But in a new essay, political scientist Joseph Nye, Ph.D. ’64, says à la Mark Twain that the rumors of America’s demise are grossly exaggerated.In “Is the American Century Over?” Nye, a Harvard University Distinguished Service Professor and former dean of Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), answers that question with a qualified no, suggesting that while the United States will not enjoy the unfettered authority to shape world events that it did in the 20th century, few others nations, not even China, will assemble the economic and military hard power along with the soft power of influence — a term Nye famously coined — to assume the leadership role.The essay summarizes Nye’s work since his 1990 book, “Bound to Lead,” in which he challenged the notion, popularly advanced by British historian Paul Kennedy’s “Lead: The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers,” that America is in decline and its era as a global superpower is over. Nye sat down with the Gazette to talk about why he thinks the United States will hold onto its political perch, and what events or policies could threaten that status.GAZETTE: Explain what you mean by “the American Century” and why has it been fashionable to declare that the U.S. as the superpower is over?NYE: Henry R. Luce, the former editor of Time and Life, proclaimed the American Century in 1941. He proclaimed it because he wanted to get America involved in World War II, and he particularly wanted America to be central to the global balance of power. So I use the term “American Century” in terms of what Luce proclaimed, and ask the question whether in 2041 the Americans will be central to the global balance of power. My conclusion is “yes,” but it won’t be in the same way that Luce expected.Americans have a long history of believing they’re in decline. And it tells you more about our psychology than about our reality. In the 1960s and ’70s, we thought the Russians or the Soviets were 10 feet tall. Then, in the 1980s, we thought the Japanese were 10 feet tall. And today, many people think the Chinese are 10 feet tall. What I try to do is to show that reflects trends and moods of psychology more than it reflects the realities of world politics. The latest trend of belief that the United States is in decline really starts with the Great Recession of 2008, where people see the declining economy as something that’s going to go on for a long time, or forever, rather than a cyclical change.GAZETTE: You say America’s dominance is not necessarily a direct result of economic power or military might and that we still have significant soft-power advantages over other countries, including China. What are some of those advantages, and how might we lose our ability to influence world events in the coming years?NYE: Soft power is the ability to get what you want through attraction rather than coercion or payment. It’s an important component of America’s role in the world. It doesn’t replace the hard power of military capability or economic capability, but it can be what’s sometimes called a “force multiplier,” something that, if used in a smart way with your hard power, can make you more powerful by having hard and soft power reinforce each other. If we were to turn inward, to be less accepting of the rest of the world, [or] if we were to, in contrast, overextend ourselves as I think we did in the Iraq War, we could damage that soft power and undercut our ability to help lead coalitions and networks and alliances that are necessary for being able to provide leadership in the world.GAZETTE: What challenges does China’s largely internal political focus and the increasing upward mobility of many more of its citizens pose for it?NYE: The good news for China is that they’ve raised hundreds of millions of people out of poverty and developed a large middle class. The bad news is they haven’t figured out how to bring that middle class into political participation. What we know is that when countries get to about $10,000-per-capita income, there are increased demands for participation. China hasn’t quite figured out how to accommodate that. So that’s one problem they face, what you might call the political transition. Another problem they face is a demographic transition. China’s population is getting older as a result of the one-child policy. And many Chinese say they “fear they’re going to grow old before they grow rich.” A third problem is: Can they adapt their growth model, which has been heavily reliant upon export industries based along the coast, and become more innovative and more oriented toward their domestic market? Their plans are to do that, but they haven’t yet fully accomplished that. They may be able to do this — that’s sometimes called the “middle-income trap,” that you reach a certain level on the growth model that’s worked so far, and then you don’t develop the institutions and the capacity for innovation that take you to the next level.GAZETTE: You write: “The real problem for the United States is not that it will be overtaken by China or another contender, but that it will be faced with a rise in the power resources of many others — both state and non-state actors,” and that “the U.S. will be less able to control others.” Who are some of these actors, and how will this diffusion of power likely play out?NYE: Some of the actors are other large states like India, which will be the largest country in the world by population by the middle of this century; Brazil; Indonesia, which is the largest Muslim country in the world; perhaps Nigeria or South Africa — we don’t know how their fates are going to turn out. But the point is there will be many more states that will have more power than they’ve had in the past. In addition to those state actors, there are a lot of non-state actors who are empowered by the information revolution. Perhaps the most dramatic of these would be cyber actors — “hacktivists” and even cybercriminals and other such groups — who are able to do things that often in the past were reserved to governments. So the combination of more state actors and more powerful non-state actors makes a world in which it’s harder to get things done. This is sometimes called entropy, the inability to get work done. ISIS is a very good example of such a non-state actor. But I worry more about entropy than I worry about China.GAZETTE: Does it dilute America’s overall power, or will it force us to rely on other strategies?NYE: If we rely on other strategies, we can overcome this. If we see that our role is to organize coalitions and networks to get things done, then we can repair the problems that this creates for American power. But if we think that we can either do it ourselves or opt out of anybody doing it, then we’ll suffer the consequences along with others. If you think of problems like global financial stability or dealing with climate change or dealing with pandemics or dealing with transnational terrorism, these are not problems that we can solve by ourselves. Our ability to manage those problems depends on our ability to organize coalitions with others.GAZETTE: What are some of the “new transnational issues” that will require the U.S. to exert power with others rather than power over others, and what should the U.S. do to build and bolster our continued primacy?NYE: One of the things we have to do is to make sure that we support international institutions. We have issues of trade agreements that are coming up before the Congress, some of which are controversial. We have issues like the international Law of the Sea Convention which is very much in our interests, but which has not been ratified by the U.S. Senate because of the opposition of some senators who say it gives away too much of our sovereignty. You have an agreement that was reached in 2010 to increase the emerging markets’ share of the voting quota in the International Monetary Fund, and Congress has not gone ahead and passed that. These are the sorts of things where taking a very narrow view of our self-interest interferes with our being able to accomplish our larger self-interest.GAZETTE: In the last decade, the U.S. has taken two very different positions regarding foreign policy under Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama. How has that swing affected our ability to influence others, and how will the domestic and foreign policy views of our next president affect our standing globally in the coming decade?NYE: It’s sometimes said that America swings between maximalist policies and retrenchment policies, which is a little different from isolationism in the sense that retrenchment doesn’t mean pulling back as thoroughly as we did in the 1930s. For example, [Dwight] Eisenhower was a president who followed policies of retrenchment. but nobody would call him an isolationist. The question is how far these cycles go, if the extent to which we pull back from the world and pay less attention to the development of international networks and coalitions undercuts our ability to get things done that are in our own interest. We’ll have to see in the 2016 presidential debate(s) how these issues are brought to the public for discussion. I don’t think we’re in danger of isolationism; what we are, though, is in danger of what’s sometimes been called “American exemptionalism,” of giving us a pass on things, like the Law of the Sea ratification or like this new quota for the International Monetary Fund, of opting out. It’s not exactly the same as isolationism, but it’s a failure of international leadership [that] plays well to populist, demagogic pressures.GAZETTE: In the essay, you say you “guess” the U.S. will “still have primacy in power resources and play the central role in the global balance of power among states in 2041.” What events, actions, or policies could undermine that probability?NYE: If you had a series of major terrorist attacks using weapons of mass destruction, it’s conceivable that Americans might turn inward [and] become very isolationist. I don’t think it would solve our problems, but that would obviously undercut our ability to lead. Or if we thought that, given the problems in the Middle East, somehow if we just went in there and tried to rule those countries that we would be able to do so, that could lead to the type of setback which we suffered in Iraq, but even more so. And that would also greatly hinder our capacity to lead. Nobody can predict the future, but the swings in mood that we have tell us more about psychology than reality. So what I’ve been trying to do in this work is to get people to look at some real factors and also some potential strategic choices that we face that can make the outcome one way rather than another.This interview has been lightly edited for length and clarity.last_img read more

Tix Now On Sale to See Dan Lauria in His Dinner With the Boys

first_img Related Shows Show Closed This production ended its run on June 28, 2015 Dinner with the Boys will feature set design by Jessica Parks, costumes by Patricia E. Doherty, lighting design by Jill Nagle and sound design by Matt Kraus. Dinner With the Boys View Comments Set in New Jersey, Dinner with the Boys follows two pals (think an Italian Odd Couple) who find themselves at odds with the family. While reflecting on their days of glory and preparing puttanesca for their dinner guests, they must escape danger themselves—lest this meal be their last supper. Tickets are now available to see stage and screen vet Dan Lauria in his new self-penned comedy, Dinner with the Boys. Performances will begin off-Broadway at the Acorn Theatre at Theater Row on April 21. Opening night is set for May 4. Joining Lauria are Ray Abruzzo and Richard Zavaglia. Frank Megna will direct.last_img read more

Nematode Impact

first_imgA recent University of Georgia Cooperative Extension survey of 431 Georgia vegetable fields found that more than 60% contained root-knot nematodes, tiny parasitic worms that feed on roots and destroy plants.The survey was conducted May through December of 2018 by UGA Extension nematologist Abolfazl Hajihassani. His research group surveyed fields in 30 Georgia counties for plant-parasitic nematodes and found 10 genera of nematodes. Root-knot nematodes are the most important nematodes that vegetables producers should be concerned with, he said.Hajihassani conducted the survey to better understand the incidence, abundance and spread of plant-parasitic nematodes within vegetable fields in southern Georgia. The counties surveyed represent about 85-90% of the state’s vegetable production.During the survey, soil samples were collected from vegetable fields and nematodes were extracted and identified to the genus level.“Right now, the root-knot nematode is the main problem in most vegetable crops grown here, based on distribution, soil population density and incidence,” he said. “Therefore, root-knot nematodes will be the target of our future research, which will include the evaluation of old and newly introduced fumigant and nonfumigant nematicides.”Root-knot nematodes can enter the plant’s roots and move through the cells where they grow, produce more eggs in only three to four weeks and cause the roots to swell. This reduces the plant’s growth and yield potential.South Georgia’s sandy soils allow nematodes to reproduce frequently because they can move easily through the soil’s loose texture.UGA Extension’s observations in the field indicated that fumigating the soil before applying plastic will stop the nematodes for the season, but only for that season.Hajihassani said that there are a few nematode-resistant vegetable varieties available, but Georgia producers don’t want to use them because of quality issues. Growers prefer to plant high-yielding varieties and use chemical nematicides, although they’re not always 100% effective.Currently, Hajihassani is researching the nine other types of nematodes the survey identified in case they could become threats to vegetable production in Georgia. This includes stubby root, ring, spiral, root lesion, reniform, lance, cyst, stunt, and dagger nematodes.“Hopefully, in one to two years, we’ll have a good source of information as to what species of nematode we have,” he said. “Through Extension agents, we have already communicated the survey data with those growers who participated in our survey. Our aim is to continue sharing the data with growers, find out what problems they have and design the appropriate management techniques.”Nematodes need three components to thrive: water, high temperatures and a suitable host. Georgia has water, hot summers and a variety of host plants, which has Georgia farmers concerned. Along with vegetables, nematodes can cause problems in cotton, peanut and tobacco plants.For more information on Hajihassani’s work and plant-parasitic nematodes, visit https://t.uga.edu/4YK.last_img read more

Vermont Federal Credit Union adds senior manager

first_imgVermont Federal Credit Union adds senior managerBURLINGTON, VT-Joseph M. Finnigan, president and CEO of Vermont Federal Credit Union (VTFCU), is pleased to announce that Janet S. Astore, CPA, has joined the Vermont Federal Credit Union senior management team as Controller.Janet brings to the Credit Union over 20 years of professional experience in accounting, finance, taxation, public accounting and administration. Prior to moving to Vermont, she worked in New York City where she held various management positions at Citibank including; Tax Department Vice President, as well as Tax Department Manager. She was employed at other large multi-national banks including; Sakura Bank, as Tax Compliance Manager, Dai-Ichi Kangyo Bank as Tax Compliance Manager, and Arthur Anderson & Co. as a Public Accountant.Janet is a Certified Public Accountant. She has an M.S. in Accounting from the State University of New York in Albany, as well as a B.S. in Adult & Community Education from Cornell University. She spent several years living in Japan and is fluent in Japanese. She lives in Essex with her two sons where she enjoys being a soccer coach and a Sunday school teacher.last_img read more

Army Captures FARC Leader

first_img The Colombian Military Forces managed to capture the leader of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia’s (FARC) 1st Company, Mobile Column, Daniel Aldana , an Army spokesman reported on May 2. The detainee who is identified as alias “La Bruja” (The Witch), was the FARC contact in the areas of Mogui, Montañitas, Mataplano, La Galleta and Tumaco’s urban center, in addition to being aka “Rambo’s” –the Daniel Aldana Mobile Column’s leader– trusted man. The operation was carried out in the municipality of Tumaco, Nariño, where soldiers from the 32nd Mobile Brigade obtained the location of the narco-terrorist, who was finally captured after several months of intelligence work. By Dialogo May 06, 2013 The Witch had been in the organization for over 13 years, and was in charge of logistical support to obtain medicine, supplies, war material and communication for the FARC mobile column. He also performed combat intelligence tasks, such as locating troops in the area of operations in order to plant mines and perpetrate terrorist attacks on public force members.last_img read more

Students have more freedom to roam

first_imgRemember the “olden” days at school when you weren’t allowed to be in the halls without a pass? How times have changed.Monica FinchSchenectadyMore from The Daily Gazette:Foss: Should main downtown branch of the Schenectady County Public Library reopen?Motorcyclist injured in Thursday afternoon Schenectady crashEDITORIAL: Urgent: Today is the last day to complete the censusSchenectady High School senior class leaders look to salvage sense of normalcyEDITORIAL: Thruway tax unfair to working motorists Categories: Letters to the Editor, Opinionlast_img