Carbonate cave deposits (speleothems) have been used widely for paleoclimate reconstructions; however, few studies have examined the utility of other speleothem-forming minerals for this purpose. Here we demonstrate for the first time that stable isotopes (delta O-17, delta O-18 and delta D) of structurally-bound gypsum (CaSO(4)2H(2)O) hydration water (GHW) can be used to infer paleoclimate. Specifically, we used a 63 cm-long gypsum stalactite from Sima Blanca Cave to reconstruct the climate history of SE Spain from similar to 800 BCE to similar to 800 CE. The gypsum stalactite indicates wet conditions in the cave and humid climate from similar to 200 BCE to 100 CE, at the time of the Roman Empire apogee in Hispania. From similar to 100 CE to similar to 600 CE, evaporation in the cave increased in response to regional aridification that peaked at similar to 500-600 CE, roughly coinciding with the transition between the Iberian Roman Humid Period and the Migration Period. Our record agrees with most Mediterranean and Iberian paleoclimate archives, demonstrating that stable isotopes of GHW in subaerial gypsum speleothems are a useful tool for paleoclimate reconstructions.
August 12, 2014 Share this article View post tag: News by topic Back to overview,Home naval-today Image of the Day: Sailors Fire an M2HB machine gun Gunner’s Mate 3rd Class Mitch Martin, From Astoria, Ore., Aviation Ordnanceman 3rd Class Jarod Coleman, from Ft. Myers, Fla., and Gunner’s Mate 3rd Class Joseph Russell, from Salem, Ore., fire an M2HB .50-caliber machine gun on the fantail of the aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76). View post tag: americas Authorities View post tag: Machine View post tag: M2HB View post tag: Image of the Day Ronald Reagan is underway participating in an operational reactor safeguard examination.USS Ronald Reagan (CVN-76) is a Nimitz-class nuclear-powered supercarrier in the ninth ship of her class, she is named in honor of former President Ronald Reagan, President of the United States from 1981 to 1989. Upon her christening in 2001, she was the first ship to be named for a former president still living at the time.[mappress]Naval Today Staff, August 12, 2014; Image: U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Timothy Schumaker View post tag: Gun View post tag: Naval View post tag: Navy View post tag: fire View post tag: sailors Image of the Day: Sailors Fire an M2HB machine gun
FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail Saratoga was Plan B. Ellis Park was Plan A for keeping talented 2-year-olds on course for this fall’s Breeders’ Cup Juvenile at Del Mar and, hopefully, the 2018 Kentucky Derby.And Jason Loutsch isn’t kidding.Loutsch, partner and racing manager for Albaugh Family Stables, did not anticipate that their first three in a promising group of 2-year-olds would win first time out at Churchill Downs. He figured they’d run well but get beat by a horse more cranked up or with a race under its belt, then win a maiden race at Ellis Park to that would set one or more of the colts up for Sunday’s $75,000 Ellis Park Juvenile or graded stakes at Churchill Downs (Iroquois) or Keeneland (Breeders’ Futurity).But Free Drop Billy and Dak Attack both won June 15; then Hollywood Star won June 28, with all three trained by Dale Romans. So Free Drop Billy and Hollywood Star took a detour to Saratoga, where Free Drop Billy was second in the July 22 Grade 3 Sanford and Hollywood Star runner-up in this past Sunday’s Grade 2 Saratoga Special.Dak Attack was chosen to stick with the original game plan of the Ellis Park Juvenile, for which entries will be taken Thursday. Ellis also will have the $75,000 Ellis Park Debutante return after a nine-year hiatus.“The Ellis stakes was always on our radar after we won these races. But Dale is not historically a first-time starter winner,” said Loutsch, who is married to the daughter of Albaugh patriarch Dennis Albaugh, a prominent Iowa businessman and philanthropist. “So we thought we’d break our maiden at Ellis Park and go to the Iroquois or Futurity from there. But we were fortunate enough to win three 2-year-old races, and we had to come up with Plan B and start separating them.”“We have basically two-turn colts and they’re not ready to sprint 5 1/2 furlongs. We’ve never encountered this where you’re going in a stakes in your second race and running in a Grade 2 at Saratoga. It says a lot about the horses that we’ve bought. Our team has done a great job finding great horses.”Ellis Park has proven very good to the Albaugh and Romans 2-year-olds. Brody’s Cause got whupped at the track but wound up winning Keeneland’s Grade 1 Breeders’ Futurity two starts later and the Grade 1 Toyota Blue Grass the next spring. Last year, Not This Time in his second start won an Ellis maiden race by 10 lengths then took the Grade 3 Iroquois by 8 3/4 to earn a trip to the Breeders’ Cup Juvenile, where he narrowly lost to champion Classic Empire.Dak Attack was selected for the Ellis stakes in discussion with Bret Jones, whose family bred Dak Attack and stayed in for a piece when the colt sold at Keeneland’s yearling sale for $625,000. The Ellis Park Juvenile will be plenty challenging with the presence of the Kenny McPeek-trained Ten City, who in winning Churchill’s Grade 3 Bashford Manor defeated Copper Bullet, last Sunday’s impressive winner of Saratoga’s Grade 2 Sanford over Hollywood Story.Robby Albarado, who had been the rider of both Dak Attack and Ten City, had committed to Romans before the Bashford Manor winner was definite for the seven-furlong race. Instead, Jack Gilligan, who has been riding for McPeek at Ellis, gets a potential career boost in riding Ten City.“It’s coming up tough with Kenny’s colt,” said Jones, who heads the bloodstock operation at the farm founded by his parents, Brereton and Libby. “But the Albaugh group and Dale obviously have had a lot of success at Ellis Park and setting those horses up for some bigger races down the line.“No one involved with this horse ever thought the best race of his life was going to be August of his 2-year-old year. The way he’s made, the way he’s bred, he’s a horse we think is going to get better and better. And that’s exactly what Dale has been telling us from the start…. He’ll hopefully be at his best at a pretty exciting time of his 3-year-old year.”Dak Attack, named for Dallas quarterback Dak Prescott, is a son of 2004 Horse of the Year Ghostzapper and the Indian Charlie mare Indian Spell, herself a daughter of the Joneses’ Kentucky Oaks winner and 3-year-old filly champion Proud Spell.“He was a superstar from the moment he came onto this earth,” Jones said. “He grew into this big strapping, beautiful yearling that we took to the September sales with very high expectations. We really believed in the colt and wanted to have a role in his racing, and the pipe dream of course is to have interest in his stallion career. We think this is a very talented colt and are grateful to the Albaughs for letting us take a small piece and have some fun with him.”
Police ask anybody who recognizes the man in this photo to call 609-399-9111.The Ocean City Police Department is seeking information that could help track down a counterfeiter passing fake $50 bills to merchants on the Ocean City Boardwalk.Police received three reports of a man attempting to use counterfeit bills between 1:45 p.m. and 3:19 p.m. on Monday (July 7). The first incident occurred on the 1000 block of the boardwalk (between 10th and 11th streets) and the other two on the 600 block (between Sixth and Seventh streets).Police were able to issue an immediate warning to boardwalk and downtown merchants after receiving the initial reports, according to Ocean City Police Capt. Steve Ang.Police have released images of a “person of interest” who was photographed in the vicinity of all three incidents and who fits the description provided by merchants.Anybody who recognizes the person in the photo should call Ocean City police at 609-399-9111. Any merchant who suspects receiving counterfeit money should call the same number.Download (PDF, 82KB)__________Sign up for OCNJ Daily’s free newsletter and breaking news alerts“Like” us on Facebook
a total of 1,892,703 tests were processed, a 9% increase from the previous week 97,014 (80.5%) people who tested positive and were transferred to the contact-tracing system were reached and asked to provide information about their contacts, compared with 78,903 (81.7%) the previous week 171,554 (74.3%) contacts where communication details were given were reached and told to self-isolate, compared with 152,495 (75.1%) the previous week 46.5% of in-person test results were received the next day after the test was taken, compared with 33.4% the previous week 20.0% of in-person test results were received within 24 hours after the test was taken, compared with 12% the previous week 34.9% of satellite (care home) tests results were delivered within 48 hours compared to 20.4% in the previous week Since NHS Test and Trace launched, nearly 1.5 million contacts have been identified, and 80.9% of all contacts where communication details were given have been reached and told to self-isolate.Latest figures also show that the NHS COVID-19 app has been downloaded more than 19 million times since it was launched.The government’s commitment to increasing testing capacity has already seen the number of labs across the UK’s growing diagnostic network rise from 5 to 18, through a combination of public, private and academic partnerships.A new Lighthouse Lab has also now been approved in Plymouth, which is set to join the network in the new year. When fully operational, the Plymouth lab, which will be operated by University Hospitals Plymouth NHS Trust, will have the capacity to process up to 40,000 COVID-19 tests each day. Nearly 3,000 new recruits have joined the lab network since April, while advances in innovation and technology continue to speed up processing and add to capacity.Interim Executive Chair of the National Institute for Health Protection Baroness Dido Harding said: Background informationThere has been a terminology change. The terms ‘complex’ and ‘non-complex’ for cases and contacts will no longer be used. Instead, ‘cases and contacts that are managed by local health protection teams (HPTs)’ and ‘cases and contacts that are not managed by local HPTs’ will be used. As the number of cases rise, we are seeing NHS Test and Trace processing more tests and reaching more people than ever before. We are expanding the reach of our service and improving performance in key areas such as turnaround times for tests as we continue to increase capacity, but we recognise there is more to be done. We are working hard to meet these increased demands whilst improving the service we offer to the public. With more than 30 million tests now processed since the programme was launched, and more than 1.4 million people reached by our contact tracers, NHS Test and Trace is helping to protect lives, and keep our schools and workplaces open.1,892,703 tests were processed during the week 15 to 21 October, an increase of 163,138 compared with the previous week, and the highest number to date. With more than 600 test sites already in operation across the UK, and up to 40 new test sites opening every week, the median distance people are now travelling to a test centre is just 2.8 miles.Turnaround times for tests have seen an improvement since the previous week, with 82,000 more in-person tests (pillars 1 and 2) turned around in 24 hours and care home turnaround times continuing to improve. A continued drive to improve testing capacity, which has already seen capacity increase to more than 445,000 a day this week, will contribute to ongoing improvement in turnaround times over the coming weeks.Meanwhile, the contact tracing service is dealing with record volumes of cases. More than 97,000 people who tested positive were reached and asked for their contact details, that’s 80.5% of the total number of people transferred into the contact tracing system. This is a 23% increase in the number of people who tested positive and were contacted by NHS Test and Trace compared to last week ‒ 7 times more people were reached and asked for their contact details than the first week of September.There are more close contacts being identified than ever before, with an increase of 12% this week alone. For those where communication details were available, 74.3% were reached and asked to self-isolate.The weekly statistics from the 21st week of NHS Test and Trace show in the most recent week of operations (15 to 21 October):
The World Wide Web turns 25 this week. To mark the milestone, the Gazette sat down with Scott Bradner, a senior technology consultant with Harvard who has been involved with the Internet since its early days. Bradner described the succession of networks — ARPANET to CSNET to NSFNET to NEARNET — that helped develop the underlying Internet structure, and then discussed the technology that in the early 1990s took the Internet from the realm of the geeks into our offices, homes, laptops, and, more recently, our phones. The past provides an indication that nobody really knows what’s coming in the future, Bradner says. But he believes that the potential for government regulation is the threat that looms largest, while the Internet’s spread around the world via smartphones holds its greatest promise.GAZETTE: You’ve been involved with the Internet pretty much from the start, haven’t you? What can you tell us about the early days here at Harvard?BRADNER: I was involved from very soon after Harvard’s connection to the ARPANET [Advanced Research Projects Agency Network], I think in 1970 or ’71. I got an account on the Gateway machine at [the] Aiken [Computer Lab] in ’71 or ’72.GAZETTE: Was that a key machine?BRADNER: It was a PDP-10. The original ARPANET connected a computer at each institution together: a computer at Harvard with a computer at MIT with a computer at Stanford with a computer at Berkeley. In ’83 a big change happened — the rollout of the TCP/IP protocol — that changed the basic structure. It was connecting a network at Harvard to network at MIT to a network at Stanford to a network at Berkeley. And, therefore, somebody within Harvard at their desktop could talk to somebody at Stanford at their desktop.For most of us in the business, January of ’83 was the beginning of the Internet, per se. The term had been used before that, but the ARPANET wasn’t connecting networks together as much as it was connecting computers.GAZETTE: Did you play a significant role in Internet governance over the years?BRADNER: To some degree, but early on, not particularly. The governance for the ARPANET was the Defense Department. Because it was their toy, they paid for it.Up until ’83, we weren’t permitted to let people who weren’t getting direct federal money use the ARPANET for email or for anything else. But in ’83, we joined CSNET [Computer Science Network], and that gave us the authority to let every Harvard faculty member, student, and staff member use the ARPANET for email.But we didn’t really have an internal network at Harvard then. There were some miscellaneous connections between William James Hall, where I was, and the Science Center and the Aiken Computer Lab. But they were point-to-point. We forwarded email and things like that, but it was only in those locations, and it wasn’t general connectivity.January ’86 was when we put the first inter-building Harvard network together that connected 13 buildings, all in FAS [Faculty of Arts and Sciences]. We connected up to the National Science Foundation Network [NSFNET], but we still couldn’t use the network for commercial purposes.In the late ’80s, Harvard, BU, and MIT joined together to form NEARNET, the Northeast Academic Research Network. We decided we wanted NEARNET not to have that commercial restriction. We also decided that we wanted to be able to talk between NEARNET and the other networks without that limitation. So we insisted the connectivity between NEARNET and other networks be done in a way that would allow a parallel connection that would support commercial traffic.GAZETTE: So this growing complexity eventually became what we know today as the Internet?BRADNER: To me, the prohibition of commercial traffic on NSFNET and ARPANET was what was crucial, because it forced the development of the commercial Net. The fact that we, and a few other regional networks, insisted that we wanted commercial connectivity meant the growth of commercial Internet service providers. So, when Uncle Sam got out of the business, as it did in the early 1990s, the commercial Internet was there in the U.S. In other countries it worked somewhat differently. Harvard just connected to the commercial Internet, and so did everyone else.GAZETTE: Tell me about the World Wide Web, and what is the difference between that and the Internet itself.BRADNER: In the early days, it [communicating between computers] was magic. It was geek heaven. You typed magic character strings in magic formations, and magic happened. To send emails, it was all character-based, character streams you had to type in and understand how to format. You had to do all of that.What the World Wide Web did was it made it so that there was a graphical user interface to the Internet. That meant that it didn’t take a geek to use it. That was a rather big step. Back in ’71 there were 20 computers on the ARPANET, and today there are 900 million or so. So that’s a big number, and a lot of that was driven by the fact that it didn’t take a geek to use it. That’s what the World Wide Web brought us.GAZETTE: So the World Wide Web is not the network of computers itself.BRADNER: The World Wide Web is a user interface. The network itself is effectively the same, other than the scale and number of nodes today, as it was in January ’83, with TCP/IP [network protocol] connecting networks together. Everyone still runs their own network. Harvard runs its own network, MIT runs its own network, Ford Motor Co. runs its own network, and the Internet connects them together.What’s different is that in the early 1990s, the World Wide Web protocols and software was rolled out. It runs over that same network but provides a user interface that’s much easier to use. That’s this pointing and clicking thing where you click on a URL and you get CNN.GAZETTE: By contrast, I’ve seen email listed as another way to access information on the Internet, different from the World Wide Web.BRADNER: They all run over this infrastructure called the Internet. The World Wide Web runs over it, email runs over it, streaming audio, streaming video, Voice over IP, all of those things run over this common infrastructure, and the common infrastructure is what makes it so powerful.The other piece of it is that the World Wide Web developed without getting permission from the network owners. So Tim Berners-Lee comes up with the concepts and the software. He posts some of it himself, and others look at his stuff and say, “I’ll make something compatible.” And they install it on their own systems and start using it. And nobody at Harvard in the networking group has to know that it’s going on. It’s called “permissionless innovation.”The Internet protocol and the Internet provide the underlying structure on which people can build new things. Facebook was just built on the World Wide Web, which was built on top of the Internet, the Internet protocol — just like YouTube was.GAZETTE: How about the future? Do you see any particular changes on the way —positive or negative — for either the Internet or the Web?BRADNER: You asked earlier about Internet governance, and there really isn’t any. And that is a tremendous puzzlement to governments.There’s about $3 trillion a year of business done over the Internet in the U.S. alone, mostly business-to-business. Around the world, there’s multiple times that. But there’s nobody controlling it. There’s voluntary adherence to standards, but there’s no regulatory authority that says, “This Internet service provider has to connect to that Internet service provider. They have to run these protocols, upgrade the software.”This is seen as a gap. The former prime minister of France said it was a moral imperative that the Internet gets regulation. And there’s a meeting in Brazil next month on Internet governance and Internet regulation, and there was a meeting in Dubai last December about this.I think the biggest potential for change is if the governments that would like to control what you can do on the Net get an upper hand. They do have an upper hand in their own countries. In China and in North Korea and a bunch of other places, your Internet experience is very controlled. It’s not very much here.It might be controlled at work, but at home you don’t have much in the way of restrictions about what you can say, what you can view, what applications you can run, who you can talk to, what you pay for. Yet there’s so much money involved and so much social disruption that’s been brought by the Net, there’s huge pressure by more oppressive governments to control this beast. That, to me, is the biggest area of risk.GAZETTE: So you see the biggest potential for change not really being a technological one?BRADNER: The biggest potential for negative change is governance, so it’s nontechnical.On the other side, the change brought about in the last half-dozen years by the smartphone is breathtaking. It’s breathtaking to us in the U.S., where it’s really just been augmentation. In much of the world, the smartphone is the Internet. It’s the only Internet they’ve got. That kind of empowerment of billions of people — particularly in parts of the world that do not have the infrastructure to support regular Internet — is going to be really mind-bending.GAZETTE: And the uses or innovations or general education that will come from that remain to be seen?BRADNER: In general education, things like edX and the MOOCs [Massive Open Online Courses] have the potential to be very, very impactful. The fact that some kid in rural India can take a physics course is breathtaking.The innovation you have on these mobile platforms, people building apps — Apple’s up to a half-million apps and Android is not far behind — is very empowering. There’s going to be a whole lot more applications that nobody’s vaguely thought of. Basically, watch this space. What is the movie line? Fasten your seatbelts, it’s going to be a bumpy ride.
WEST PALM BEACH, Fla. (AP) — The residents of a South Florida condo complex want former President Donald Trump’s name officially removed from their home following the siege at the U.S. Capitol earlier this month. The Palm Beach Post reports that the board of the Trump Plaza condominium voted unanimously last week to change the legal name of the 32-story complex in West Palm Beach. Residents still have to vote on a new name. Signs with Trump’s name have been gone for months, and legally changing the name will sever the final connection to the former president. The complex sits on the Intracoastal Waterway, just a few miles away from Trump’s Mar-a-Lago club.
As part of the University’s remembrance of the late South African president Nelson Mandela, the Notre Dame Center for Ethics and Culture will sponsor a screening of “Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom” on Thursday at 6:30 p.m. in the DeBartolo Performing Arts Center, followed by a panel discussion of the film and its cultural and educational significance. The film itself is based on Mandela’s autobiography of the same name. It stars Idris Elba as Mandela and Naomie Harris as Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, the South African politician and Mandela’s ex-wife. The panel discussion will feature Fr. Emmanuel Katongole of the Notre Dame Kroc Institute, Thomas Hibbs of Baylor University and Thomas Allen of Allied Faith and Family, a division of the Allied Integrated Marketing company. Professor O. Carter Snead, the director of the Center for Ethics and Culture, will moderate the discussion. The screening and discussion, already sold out, is the inaugural event of the Center for Ethics and Culture’s media and culture initiative. According to a written description of the initiative put together by the Center for Ethics and Culture, “The question of how media arts (especially film and television) function and transform culture is a crucially important question that thus far has been underexplored in the social sciences. [Through the media and culture initiative] the Center for Ethics and Culture aims to engage this question in a comprehensive fashion ⎯ one that is simultaneously theoretical and practical.” The event is a special advance screening of the film, which Snead said was made possible by the Weinstein Company, the film’s distributer. “Notre Dame is a culturally significant institution,” Snead said. “Moreover, as a Catholic university, we stand for the values at the heart of this film ⎯ mercy, equality and reconciliation; [University President Emeritus Fr. Theodore] Hesburgh’s legacy for the American civil rights movement stands as further reaffirmation [of] Notre Dame’s commitment to these goods.” Snead said the Center for Ethics and Culture planned the event well before Mandela’s recent death, but his passing provides an added significance to the film. He additionally said members of the Notre Dame community are now paying more attention to the event by people at the University. “Of course the event now takes on a deeper importance,” Snead said. “This is a time when we are reflecting on Mandela’s legacy.” Snead said Mandela’s legacy is important especially at a place like Notre Dame, which prides itself on not only being a research institution but also a promoter of values such as freedom, equality and reconciliation. “[Mandela’s] commitment to non-violence and reconciliation is an important issue we want to explore and celebrate,” Snead said. Snead said he is happy the event sold out, and he said the Center for Ethics and Culture is exploring adding more screenings of the film on campus. “We’re very excited the film sold out in short order,” Snead said. “There’s a lot of interest in [another screening], and we’re certainly open to the possibility of additional screenings. We’ll just have to see what’s possible.” Snead said the Africana Studies Department and the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies have joined the Center for Ethics and Culture in sponsoring the event, and the University itself added the event as an official remembrance event following Mandela’s death. Snead said the Center for Ethics and Culture chose this film in particular as the first event of the media and culture initiative because it is not only visually and audibly stimulating, but also intellectually and emotionally thought-provoking. “Our feeling was that [the first film featured in the new initiative] had to be aesthetically beautiful and normatively rich,” Snead said. “We also thought [the film] would attract a large and diverse audience.” Contact Jack Rooney at [email protected]
Tony nominee and Emmy winner Valerie Harper, who was diagnosed with terminal brain cancer in March 2013, forcing her to withdraw from a national tour of Looped, has filed a lawsuit against its playwright Matthew Lombardo and the production’s producers. The New York Daily News reports that it claims they failed to pay the remainder of her contract. In response, Lombardo and the producers of Looped have filed a suit against Harper and her husband, Tony Cacciotti, for $2 million, saying the two “were both aware” that the actress was diagnosed with lung cancer in 2009, but did not disclose the information until after she signed onto the play. Lombardo said in a statement that “he was given no choice to defend himself as would anyone in his position and to reluctantly reveal what had actually transpired behind the scenes.” Best known for playing Rhoda Morgenstern Gerard on The Mary Tyler Moore Show and Rhoda, Harper appeared on Dancing With the Stars last fall. A Tony nominee for the 2010 Broadway run of Looped, her other Great White Way credits include Take Me Along, Wildcat, Subways Are For Sleeping, Something Different, Paul Sills’ Story Theatre, Ovid’s Metamorphoses and The Tale of the Allergist’s Wife. It was recently reported that she was to guest star in Hallmark’s Signed, Sealed, Delivered. View Comments
Attention all Broadway fashion mavens: Disney’s got a new wearable work of art for your wardrobe! Broadway.com resident artist Justin “Squigs” Robertson penned a gorgeous portrait in honor of Aladdin’s opening night, and it’s now available as a t-shirt at the online Aladdin store. The limited edition t-shirt, as modeled above by Aladdin headliners Adam Jacobs and Courtney Reed, is a comfy cotton-poly blend in royal blue. Get ‘em before they’re gone, then see Aladdin on Broadway at the New Amsterdam Theatre! Star Files Courtney Reed About the Artist: With a desire to celebrate the magic of live theater and those who create it, and with a deep reverence for such touchstones as the work of Al Hirschfeld and the wall at Sardi’s, Squigs is happy and grateful to be among those carrying on the traditions where theater and caricature meet. He was born and raised in Oregon, lived in Los Angeles for quite a long time and now calls New York City his home. Aladdin from $57.50 Adam Jacobs View Comments Related Shows