Five things to know about ‘gender dysphoria’ in children

first_imgLifeSiteNews 19 August 2016“Gender dysphoria” (GD) is a condition in which a person may feel unhappy with his or her biological sex, express a desire to be the opposite sex, or even insist that he or she is of the opposite sex from what his or her genes and anatomy indicate. People who choose to adopt a “gender identity” different from their biological sex are known as “transgender.”This condition is increasingly being identified not merely in adults, but even in very young, pre-pubescent children. The American College of Pediatricians (an organization formed as an alternative to the larger and more liberal American Academy of Pediatrics), has now released an important paper on “Gender Dysphoria in Children.” It provides a significant medical and scientific counterweight to the growing ideology that demands affirmation of “transgender” identities—even in children.I encourage those interested to read the College’s press release and the full study. For those wanting a brief summary, however, here are five key points I took away from the paper.1) There is no scientific evidence that people with gender dysphoria are “born in the wrong body.”Those who identify as transgender often claim that they are “women born in men’s bodies” or “men born in women’s bodies.” Yet the scientific evidence put forward in support of this theory is weak. In fact, studies of twins have shown that when one twin identifies as transgender, only 20% of the time does the other twin also identify as transgender. This finding alone disproves the idea that gender dysphoria results primarily from prenatal genetic or hormonal influences. (Note: “gender dysphoria” is not the same as biological “disorders of sexual development”—DSD—or “intersex” conditions. The vast majority of people who identify as transgender are entirely normal males or females genetically and biologically.)2) Most children who experience gender dysphoria do not grow up to identify as transgender adults.Research has shown that, left to themselves—that is, if they are not given special hormone treatments and not permitted to “transition” into living socially as a person of the opposite sex—most children who exhibit symptoms of “gender dysphoria” will resolve those issues before adulthood and will live as normal males or females with a “gender identity” that corresponds to (rather than conflicts with) their biological sex at birth. Historically, this has been true of between 80% and 95% of gender dysphoric children.3) Despite #2, many children with gender dysphoria are now being funneled into a treatment protocol that involves both early and ongoing hormone treatments.It is one thing (and radical enough) for someone born a boy to be allowed to start living as a girl, or vice versa (that is, to “socially transition”). However, some children (as young as 11) are actually being given hormones to block the natural effects of puberty before it begins. The physical differences between male and female children (when clothed) are relatively small and fairly easy to conceal with clothing. Those differences become greater after puberty, which in turn makes it more difficult for a teenager who identifies as transgender to “pass” as a member of the opposite biological sex. Puberty blockers are intended to forestall that “problem.”Then when they are older (although sometimes as young as 16), they may begin to receive “cross-sex hormones” (e.g., estrogen for males who identify as female, or testosterone for females who identify as male). These continue the suppression of characteristics of their biological sex, while triggering some of the characteristics of the intended gender (such as breast growth or development of facial hair).4) Such hormone treatments may have serious negative health consequences—both known and unknown.Supporters of puberty-blocking hormones contend that their effects are reversible, giving a child the opportunity to change his or her mind about gender “transition” upon reaching adulthood. Case studies show, however, that in reality such an intervention puts the child on a nearly inevitable path to a transgender identity—in sharp contrast to most gender dysphoric children who are not so treated. Completion of the entire protocol of both puberty-blocking and cross-sex hormones (especially when followed by sex reassignment surgery) results in permanent sterility—the inability to ever have biological children, even using artificial reproductive technology. The American College of Pediatricians argues, “The treatment of GD in childhood with hormones effectively amounts to mass experimentation on, and sterilization of, youth who are cognitively incapable of providing informed consent.”As for cross-sex hormones, a comprehensive review of the scientific literature found, “There are potentially long-term safety risks associated with hormone therapy, but none have been proven or conclusively ruled out.” For example, giving estrogen to biological males may place them at risk for cardiovascular disease, elevated blood pressure, gall bladder disease, and breast cancer; while giving testosterone to biological females may be associated with elevated triglycerides, sleep apnea, and insulin resistance—in addition to the risks associated with obtaining a double mastectomy, which some may do when only 16 years old.5) Research shows that “severe psychopathology and developmental difficulties” often precede the development of gender dysphoria.A more compassionate approach to caring for children with gender dysphoria would involve what was once the “standard approach”—either “watchful waiting” or psychotherapy “to address familial pathology if it was present, treat any psychosocial morbidities in the child, and aid the child in aligning gender identity with biological sex.” Children are in no position to given meaningful “informed consent” for more serious and potentially hazardous procedures such as hormone therapy. read more

Hart calm about City ‘stumble’

first_img Wednesday night’s 2-0 home loss was the most disappointing yet in a run of results which began with a 2-2 draw against CSKA Moscow in Russia before a 2-1 loss to West Ham in London. With the Manchester derby against United looming large on Sunday City must quickly rediscover their spark if they are to reverse the run. Manchester City goalkeeper Joe Hart insists there is no need to panic about his side’s form after their winless run was extended to three matches with defeat to Newcastle in the Capital One Cup. “I think we’ve set up a good basis but in the last two or three games we’ve stumbled a bit,” Hart said on Sky Sports News. “Looking back, the Moscow second half was really disappointing for us. West Ham was a hard game, a really hard game and people are going to struggle there. We know we can do better, we know we can do a lot better. “Then obviously the Capital One Cup was a trophy we were looking to defend and we were not up the standard we wanted to be and the manager didn’t shy away from that.” Indeed, Manuel Pellegrini said after the match that he was worried about an apparent “lack of trust and confidence” within his squad, but Hart played down the meaning of the phrase. “Those are keywords that he uses,” Hart said. “I don’t think they’re anything to be built on too much. We know what we are as a unit. Not everyone is exactly at their peak just now. We just need a few players, myself included, to step up and it will come back. “This is one of those difficult patches we’ve gone through many a time and as he pointed out, last season we had less points and were in a worse position (at this stage) and we won the league. We’ve got to look to things like that but the main thing is to get it right on Sunday.” center_img Press Associationlast_img read more

The NFL The No Fun League

first_imgDancing Billy “White Shoes” Johnson, shuffling Ickey Woods and the high-fiving Fun Bunch? Their entertaining touchdown celebrations would be illegal in today’s NFL.Though the league rulebook has some very specific examples of what constitutes a penalty, the grey area is as wide as ever.Take, for example, Husain Abdullah’s drop to his knees after returning an interception for a touchdown on Monday. It confused the referees — and caused them to throw a penalty flag. In their eyes, the Kansas City Chiefs defensive back violated the language in Rule 12, Section 3(d) that states “Players are prohibited from engaging in any celebrations while on the ground.”But Abdullah is a devout Muslim, who had always vowed he’d fall to his knees if he ever reached the end zone. Critics pointed out that many players have knelt in Christian player and weren’t penalized, most notably Tim Tebow, who’s one-knee genuflection became a meme. After further review, the NFL said since it was part of a religious expression, Abdullah should not have been flagged.Highlights from the NFL’s forbidden list, who may have caused it, and who might get nailed today.—PROLONGED, CHOREOGRAPHED, EXCESSIVE CELEBRATION: It could be said that the “Fun Bunch” — aka Art Monk, Alvin Garrett and the rest of the Washington Redskins receivers in the early 1980s — took the fun out of the NFL. After touchdowns, they would form a circle and time a group high-five.In a 1983 game at Texas Stadium, Cowboys defenders tried to break up a Fun Bunch celebration by standing in the middle of it. A year later, the league passed a rule banning “excessive celebration.”Just last week, Antonio Brown of the Pittsburgh Steelers broke this rule, and about three others, when he spun the ball on the ground, pretended he was spinning like the ball, then fell to the ground. He was penalized 15 yards and a scolding from coach Mike Tomlin. Victor Cruz of the New York Giants says he’s planning a new Salsa dance to celebrate touchdowns.—USE OF FOREIGN OBJECTS THAT ARE NOT PART OF THE UNIFORM: Would the white shoes Johnson wore when he was returning kicks for the Houston Oilers back in the day have qualified as “foreign objects?” Who knows?But give these guys an A for creativity and advance planning: Terrell Owens pulling a Sharpie pen out of his sock and signing a ball after scoring. And New Orleans Saints receiver Joe Horn reaching the end zone, then pulling a cellphone out of the padding on the goalpost and pretending to make a call.—SACK DANCES, HOME-RUN SWING, INCREDIBLE HULK: All are verboten if “committed directly at an opponent.” Mark Gastineau of the New York Jets had one of the first (and possibly the worst) sack dance.It sparked a bench-clearing brawl in 1983 with the Los Angeles Rams and their Hall of Fame offensive lineman Jackie Slater, who said: “One lousy tackle and he puts on a big act. Why don’t I dance every time I block him out?”Also forbidden under this category are home-run swings (Neil Smith), Incredible Hulk gestures (Clay Matthews used to do it. More recently, Packers running back Eddie Lacy cleverly bypassed this by wearing an Incredible Hulk shirt under his jersey) and military salutes (could’ve potentially put Terrell Davis and the Denver Broncos famous Mile High Salute of the late 1990s in jeopardy).—THROAT SLASH, STOMPING ON TEAM LOGOS: Fred Taylor of the Jacksonville Jaguars was tagged a few times for a throat-slash gesture that was popular, especially in college football, about 10 years ago.Owens put team logos in the rulebook when, while playing for the 49ers, he ran to the star at the 50-yard line at Texas Stadium after a touchdown. Emmitt Smith responded by doing that himself a bit later. Then, Owens caught another touchdown and did it again, and Cowboys defensive back George Teague met him at the star and laid him out.—SPIKING THE BALL OVER THE GOALPOST: It had been one of the last bastions of good, clean celebration — that is, until Saints tight end Jimmy Graham knocked the post off-kilter on a slam last season in Atlanta, causing a lengthy delay.This preseason, Graham was penalized twice and fined $30,000 for breaking the new rule. His reaction: “You can’t really have fun anymore.” Well, Woods still can. The former Cincinnati Bengals runner is featured doing his once-famous Ickey Shuffle in a GEICO commercial that airs during NFL games.(EDDIE PELLS, AP National Writer)TweetPinShare0 Shareslast_img read more