A recent University of Georgia Cooperative Extension survey of 431 Georgia vegetable fields found that more than 60% contained root-knot nematodes, tiny parasitic worms that feed on roots and destroy plants.The survey was conducted May through December of 2018 by UGA Extension nematologist Abolfazl Hajihassani. His research group surveyed fields in 30 Georgia counties for plant-parasitic nematodes and found 10 genera of nematodes. Root-knot nematodes are the most important nematodes that vegetables producers should be concerned with, he said.Hajihassani conducted the survey to better understand the incidence, abundance and spread of plant-parasitic nematodes within vegetable fields in southern Georgia. The counties surveyed represent about 85-90% of the state’s vegetable production.During the survey, soil samples were collected from vegetable fields and nematodes were extracted and identified to the genus level.“Right now, the root-knot nematode is the main problem in most vegetable crops grown here, based on distribution, soil population density and incidence,” he said. “Therefore, root-knot nematodes will be the target of our future research, which will include the evaluation of old and newly introduced fumigant and nonfumigant nematicides.”Root-knot nematodes can enter the plant’s roots and move through the cells where they grow, produce more eggs in only three to four weeks and cause the roots to swell. This reduces the plant’s growth and yield potential.South Georgia’s sandy soils allow nematodes to reproduce frequently because they can move easily through the soil’s loose texture.UGA Extension’s observations in the field indicated that fumigating the soil before applying plastic will stop the nematodes for the season, but only for that season.Hajihassani said that there are a few nematode-resistant vegetable varieties available, but Georgia producers don’t want to use them because of quality issues. Growers prefer to plant high-yielding varieties and use chemical nematicides, although they’re not always 100% effective.Currently, Hajihassani is researching the nine other types of nematodes the survey identified in case they could become threats to vegetable production in Georgia. This includes stubby root, ring, spiral, root lesion, reniform, lance, cyst, stunt, and dagger nematodes.“Hopefully, in one to two years, we’ll have a good source of information as to what species of nematode we have,” he said. “Through Extension agents, we have already communicated the survey data with those growers who participated in our survey. Our aim is to continue sharing the data with growers, find out what problems they have and design the appropriate management techniques.”Nematodes need three components to thrive: water, high temperatures and a suitable host. Georgia has water, hot summers and a variety of host plants, which has Georgia farmers concerned. Along with vegetables, nematodes can cause problems in cotton, peanut and tobacco plants.For more information on Hajihassani’s work and plant-parasitic nematodes, visit https://t.uga.edu/4YK.
Terawan said the new benefits package would contain a list of what the JKN could and could not cover, as well as what it could cover with restrictions.The ministry will further discuss the package with the Healthcare and Social Security Agency (BPJS Kesehatan), which manages the JKN, to take into account the social security fund managed by the agency and to avoid “aggravating” its deficit further.As deficits continue to batter the agency, totaling Rp 13 trillion (US$920 million) last year alone, the government issued in early May a presidential regulation to almost double JKN premiums roughly two months after the Supreme Court annulled an earlier regulation on similar premium increases.The new regulation will take effect in July but to the opposition of lawmakers and experts who not only accused the government of undermining the rule of law but also criticized its timing, as millions of people had been badly hit by the pandemic.Read also: Government accused of undermining rule of law in JKN premium hikeBPJS Kesehatan president director Fahmi Idris said that with the premium hikes, the agency would still see a deficit of Rp 185 million by the end of 2020 — but this was better than the Rp 3.9 trillion deficit projected if it maintained the old premiums.However, relying only on the increases would not be enough, Fahmi said, as they were still below the actuarial estimates for premiums, ranging between Rp 137,221 and Rp 286,085. Thus, managing the agency’s spending by defining primary health needs and classes of JKN services, among other measures, was necessary and also mandated by the new presidential regulation.Achmad Choesni, the head of the National Social Security Council (DJSN) overseeing the BPJS, said the council was still mulling over the criteria for JKN hospitalization classes, which was expected to be gradually implemented starting at the end of this year before coming into full force by 2022.Read also: Can BPJS Kesehatan survive? An assessment after drastic premium hikesIt remained to be seen whether there would be only one service class for all policyholders or two, such as by separating the recipients of contribution assistance (PBI) — low-income patients whose premiums are fully paid by the state — from non-PBI participants. What is certain is that those willing to upgrade their plans could do so by paying the remaining fees on their own or by other insurances.Currently, there are three types of JKN plans, with the third-class service also covering a large number of PBI recipients. Non-PBI policyholders can choose to pay the premiums by themselves or have them partly paid by their employers.”Some of the output will be to […] reduce the potential of INA-CBG [diagnostic rate] claim fraud,” Achmad said.Much of the concern, however, was directed toward whether the country’s hospitals would be able to adjust their wards to the planned JKN service class.If the prevailing third-class JKN service was to be used as the baseline for the new categorization, then the number of hospital beds for the third-class service should also be increased to accommodate 270 million Indonesians, said National Mandate Party (PAN) lawmaker Saleh Daulay.JKN now covers some 220 million participants, but the government is aiming for all its citizens to join the program to help close the gap between claims and benefits.“We need a review of our hospital beds, especially now that the COVID-19 pandemic is taking up many of them,” Saleh said.Read also: Experts warn about impact of premium hike on low-class JKN holdersThe Health Ministry’s director general for health services, Bambang Wibowo, said his office had requested that hospitals add third-class beds even before the pandemic struck to anticipate policyholders downgrading their insurance plans following the previous premium hikes.Some 127,000 beds, or 47 percent of the country’s 270,000 hospital beds, are available for third-class policyholders, which is more than the mandatory 30 percent. Following the previous premium hikes, the ministry targeted to have 60 percent of hospital beds for this category by 2021.Activist Timboel Siregar from BPJS Watch said the government must first ensure that the planned categorization would not lead to a shortage of hospital beds because even “with the current three insurance classes”, many hospitals still do not have enough beds for inpatient care. He doubted that hospitals would be able to renovate their wards as that would be costly.The Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) found in a recent study that the BPJS could save as much Rp 12.2 trillion through stricter insurance claim management, including by limiting claims for noncommunicable diseases, which puts the heaviest burden on the JKN. It found that readjusting hospital classes could also help the BPJS avoid making unnecessary payments. Topics : The government is redefining primary healthcare needs and the standards of service at hospitals eligible for the National Health Insurance (JKN) to ensure the deficit-stricken program’s sustainability.Health Minister Terawan Agus Putranto said the ministry was working on finishing a benefits package for policyholders that was based on primary health needs, as mandated by a 2004 law on the national social security system (SJSN), and was expecting to realize it by the end of June.He also presented the plan on Thursday before a hearing with the House of Representatives’ Commission IX overseeing health care and manpower. “The benefits package, which is based on primary health needs, will not reduce the benefits received by the people but rather optimize the benefits principles by reducing unnecessary treatments […],” Terawan told the hearing.He said such excessive services were in contrast to the principles of social insurance, which aims at providing basic health care for all eligible Indonesians.Unnecessary treatments have reportedly inflated medical bills under the JKN.Read also: Activists demand better services after drastic JKN premium hike
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This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 Playback Rate1xFullscreen2018: What is negative gearing?01:55IT will be standing room only at the Whitfield chapel tonight as eight properties go under the hammer.RE/MAX Cairns principal Tony Williamson said it was the biggest number of properties to be auctioned at one time since the business moved into the 47 Heavey Cr address at the beginning of last year.More than 80 people are expected to pack the former chapel. 47 Terminalia St, Redlynch 9 Melaleuca St, Manunda 4/12-14 Ireland Cr, Whitfield RE/MAX agent Ray Murphy has received a lot of interest in 20 Irene St, Mooroobool 108/2 Oliva St, Palm Cove 20 Irene St, Earlville 9-11 Evergreen St, Clifton Beach is up for auction.“I have got some people coming tonight looking to buy but who have not experienced an auction. It will be great for them to have a look, see what happens, what’s required, have a look at the process.”Mr Williamson said even if homes didn’t sell tonight, the auction was a step in the right direction to getting the best price for a property.“I always say to people if you die your things will be sold at a deceased estate auction, if you go broke it will be a mortgagee in possession auction — it is the first method of sale, no one can question a sale by auction,” he said. 12 Leftwich St, White Rock 9-11 Evergreen St, Clifton Beach 59 Charles St, Innisfail SOLD BEFORE AUCTION 47 Terminalia St, RedlynchMore from newsCairns home ticks popular internet search terms2 days agoTen auction results from ‘active’ weekend in Cairns2 days ago“It’s a good chance for the sellers to have the sales settled by Christmas.”But those hoping to bid on 47 Terminalia St, a spacious Redlynch home nestled in the rainforest with views over the mountains, are out of luck.The home sold today.Agent Cathy Ratcliffe said the buyers had shown interest in it the past few weeks and made a cash offer.“The owners bought it from me over two years ago and sold it for not far off what they paid for it which is great in this market which has certainly contracted a bit in that time frame,” she said. 9 Melaleuca St Manunda. Supplied by RE/MAX Real Estate Services“The house had been on the market with a price on it and it had two offers early on, before the vendors had moved south, which they weren’t keen on. But once the vendors moved south, they were great, they listened to what we were saying, and we got it staged, and talked about going to auction, so that’s what we did. “Since we made that decision it went off like a frog in a sock. From the beginning it was in a location that is popular with buyers. The outcome we got was really good. Agent Ray Murphy said 20 Irene St, Mooroobool, had attracted plenty of inquiries leading up to today.Mr Murphy has five properties up for sale tonight.“20 Irene St is in the right price bracket, it is on a big block, with a big shed, I expect there to be a fair bit of active bidding on that this afternoon,” he said.“This would have to be one of the biggest auctions in the chapel. It’s encouraging and a sign the market has more confidence. 22 Denver St, White Rock HOMES UP FOR AUCTION TONIGHT It is a tough market for the Cassowary Coast but agent Ray Murphy said 59 Charles St, Innisfail will sell.“In Sydney and Melbourne 90 per cent of houses on the market go to auction, Cairns has always had about 20 per cent. It’s a bit of an up and down market at the moment so it’s worth trying an auction. At worst all it does is delay pricing the property for three weeks.“What really annoys me is when agents list a property and sell it the same day, I always think, ‘did it go too cheap?’, ‘hang on did the owner undersell the property?’.“We want to make sure we get the right price for the sellers.”