Kenya Re-Insurance Corporation Limited ( 2011 Annual Report

first_imgKenya Re-Insurance Corporation Limited ( listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Insurance sector has released it’s 2011 annual report.For more information about Kenya Re-Insurance Corporation Limited ( reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Kenya Re-Insurance Corporation Limited ( company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Kenya Re-Insurance Corporation Limited (  2011 annual report.Company ProfileKenya Re-Insurance Corporation Limited is a reinsurance company underwriting various classes of reinsurance for companies in Africa, the Middle East and Asia. The company covers reinsurance for the short-term and long-term business sectors. Its short-term business division offers motor, marine, aviation, fire and accident reinsurance products. Its long-term business division offers individual and group life reinsurance products. Kenya Re-Insurance Corporation Limited also has interests in property acquisition and management; including office buildings for rent and the development of office properties and housing projects. The company was founded in 1970 and its head office is in Nairobi, Kenya. Kenya Re-Insurance Corporation Limited is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchangelast_img read more

Tanzania Cigarette Company Limited ( HY2015 Interim Report

first_imgTanzania Cigarette Company Limited ( listed on the Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange under the Agri-industrial sector has released it’s 2015 interim results for the half year.For more information about Tanzania Cigarette Company Limited ( reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Tanzania Cigarette Company Limited ( company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Tanzania Cigarette Company Limited (  2015 interim results for the half year.Company ProfileTanzania Cigarette Company Limited (TCC) is a tobacco company in Tanzania which manufactures, distributes and markets cigarettes under the following brands; Camel, Winston, LD, Embassy, Portsman, Sweet Menthol Safari Club and Crescent & Star. The company also exports cigarettes to the Democratic Republic of Congo, Mozambique and Zambia. TCC is the only cigarette producer in Tanzania and has a 90% share of the domestic market. It was founded in 1961 as East African Tobacco; nationalised during the Ujamaa Movement in 1975 and later privatised when the government of Tanzania sold its controlling share. TCC is a subsidiary of Japan Tobacco International Holding BV, which has a 75% stake in the company. Tanzania Cigarette Company Limited is listed on the Dar es Salaam Stock Exchangelast_img read more

How Drones Will Impact The Future Of Military Warfare

first_img Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 Please enter your name here TAGSAdvantagesBattlefieldCollaborationConceptDrone StrikesDronesGrowing SupporthistoryInternationalLogistics SupportMilitaryTacticalTechnologyWarfare Previous articleWhy Easter is called Easter, and other little-known facts about the holidayNext articleDistracted driving crashes kill nine people per day Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. By Allen BrownOnce the word “drone” is mentioned, an image of a modern unmanned quad-rotor pops to mind; but drones have been around for a pretty long while, at least as a concept. The history of drones can be traced back to 1849 when Austria decided to attack Venice using unmanned balloons armed to the teeth with explosives. As technology progressed, the quadcopter came to life. It was conceptualized around 1907, a conceptual predecessor to the helicopter. As technological leaps in the industry became more frequent and advanced, drones started becoming more efficient and usable. Militaries around the world started to look for ways to capitalize on the potential that a powered, unmanned aircraft could offer. To see how drones are faring in military warfare, we’ll dive into their current impact and potential in the next few years.Introduction of Modern Drones into the BattlefieldThe hype around drones certainly surged when President Obama took office. In his term, drone strikes tripled compared to previous presidents. It doesn’t take a lot of speculation to know that drones are currently shifting the foundations of warfare and taking it to an entirely new landscape. Unmanned vehicles that do the job of hundreds of soldiers are certainly revolutionary in more than one sense. Some would even say it’s the long awaited true introduction of robotics into the battlefield, which gives the term ‘proxy war’ a whole new meaning.Logistics SupportDrones are currently being used to provide logistics support to soldiers who are either on the battlefield or training in areas that are hard to access. The Chinese People’s Liberation Army is currently using drones to provide logistics support for its troops that are stationed at an elevated location of more than 4,500 meters. The use of a tactical VTOL UAS can create supply chains that get to the troops without delays and without bearing any risk on individuals. This can be utilized effectively in active war zones and stations that are hard to reach with conventional logistical methods.The Growing Support of Drone StrikesAs reported by USNews in a poll that was done on January 23, 2020, around the time the Iranian Quds Force commander was killed by a drone strike, around 35% of Americans agreed on the effectiveness of drone strikes in neutralizing foreign threats to the US. Keep in mind that in 2015, the percentage of Americans who were in agreement on drone strikes was only 23%. President Trump’s decision to neutralize Soleimani, the Quds Force commander, was support by 47% of Americans. As the general public is becoming more aware of the capabilities of drones, support is steadily increasing. However, a large number of people are still not entirely supporting drone strikes due to a relative lack of precision in the past. As the technology continues progressing, accuracy and precision parabolically increase, removing risks of causing unwanted damage or casualties by a great percentage.Collaboration Between CountriesDrone strikes are not the US’s decision alone; a lot of countries have started collaborating with the US to create efficient, tactical, and precise drone strikes to neutralize local terroristic threats, such as Al Qaeda and Taliban in Pakistan and al-Shabaab in Somalia. On August 21, 2020, a US drone strike on a high-ranking al-Shabaab official was sent with joint efforts between the US and the Somalian government, resulting in a highly precise strike. Many collaboration efforts are currently ongoing between different militaries to maximize the efficiency of drone strikes and reduce any unintended casualties. As more countries begin to adopt drone strikes instead of manned aerial warfare, drones are bound to replace a hefty percentage of conventional combat aerial vehicles.Tactical AdvantagesWhen it comes to surveillance ops, drones are often considered the perfect way to sneak across borders without putting any human at risk. Drones can simply hover or stand by from a pretty far distance while surveilling a target 24/7, providing real-time updates to the operator, in addition to tracking targets using different methods, such as infrared and motion-tracking. Before a drone strike, a drone can continue monitoring the place to give the operator the time to make a precise route for the drone to go, while avoiding innocent bystanders. The extremely accurate lethal use of force is a great indicator of the capabilities of drones in warfare. Not a lot of manned aerial vehicles can pinpoint the target with such accuracy, especially when you consider that manned vehicles are not anywhere close to the target before the strike itself.As the capabilities of drones become more and more advanced, their uses are going to keep diverging to create an ecosystem that nullifies as much risk as possible to human soldiers. While there are still a lot of conventional forms of weapons that a drone may not replace yet, it’s making great strides when it comes to risk-management and precise targeting. Please enter your comment! LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply The Anatomy of Fear last_img read more

Social Housing In Ceuta / IND [Inter.National.Design]

first_imgSocial Housing In Ceuta / IND [Inter.National.Design]Save this projectSaveSocial Housing In Ceuta / IND [Inter.National.Design]Save this picture!© Fernando Alda Housing•Ceuta, Spain Spain CopySite Direction:Alberto Weil Rus, Felix Madrazo, Manuel Perez Marin, Sanjay PremStructures:Valladares IngenieriaContractor:Acciona InfraestructurasArchitects In Charge:Felix Madrazo, Arman AkdoganDesign Team:Beatriz Zorzo Talavera, Angela Martinez Lago, Alvaro Novas Filgueira, Meritxell Rovira Pueyo, Elena Chevtchenko, Jose Manuel Franco, Michal Gdak, Melissa Vargas, Emin Balkis, Marta Koziol, Jorrit Sipkes, Inge Goudsmit, Harm Scholtens.City:CeutaCountry:SpainMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Fernando Alda Recommended ProductsWoodLunawoodThermo Timber and Industrial ThermowoodMetallicsTECU®Copper Surface – Classic CoatedFiber Cements / CementsSwisspearlSwisspearl Largo Fiber Cement PanelsMetallicsSculptformClick-on Battens in Ivanhoe ApartmentsText description provided by the architects. The international competition on Vanguard Social Housing (VIVA) organized by the Spanish Ministry of Housing placed a high emphasis on the relationship of the new architecture with the urban environment under the slogan ‘We Make City’. Addressed to disadvantaged citizens and -as expected in most social housing projects- it had a tight budget. We decided to confront the tightness of the budget by taking advantage of the richness of the site complexity. Ceuta is in the north-western tip of the African continent and yet it is a European enclave, if you zoom in into the competition site within Ceuta you find the border of Morocco within 1km. The site in that sense at in the frontier of Europe and Africa, yet once you are in the site you don’t feel you are in a Spanish city, nor in a Moroccan, it is at best a hybrid landscape and to an extent it feels unique in this regard. Within 100 meters the site faces perhaps the biggest informal settlement of Europe called Barriada Principe Alfonso, a settlement characterized by hundreds of self built structures mostly inhabited by Arab immigrants characterized by their small scale, massiveness, cubic forms, labyrinth street patterns and intensive use of private terraces as public spaces are scarce. Once you are in the site the sounds of the call for prayer from nearby mosques makes you realize this is not your classical peripheral social housing plot. It is an intense and beautiful merging ground of cultures and environments, or perhaps to an untrained eye a rather brutal battleground between two ways of making a city. Finally the competition site also plays an unusual feature for social housing, with great views to the Mediterranean Sea. The competition asked for a clearly feasible scheme within the budget and restricted its typology to open block (slabs) as expected in most social housing schemes. Was this the right answer for this specific condition?Save this picture!© Fernando Alda Since the competition first phase asked for an urban plan for 950 units we focus our efforts away from design and more towards a system or a pattern, in a way continuing the explorations of spatial systems initiated by Christopher Alexander in the PREVI project of Lima from 1969. But we restricted our patterns to architecture and spatial elements only. The design called ‘Vivienda de Patron’ seeks to find an answer for a type of architecture that could be a link between the European urbanism and the Arab informal settlement in the surroundings, a pattern that combines and merges the spatial systems of both ways of making. Therefore it is both a labyrinth and a grid, it has a small scale in its units but it is also combined with a mega plinth for infrastructure such as parking and storage, it uses intimate terraces for private and common use with open squares, intimate streets and urban corner shops. The target is to build architecture generous enough to be attractive and comfortable for ANY citizen regardless of its social or economic background. Most of the apartments have corner living rooms, all have long views between blocks, materials seldom used for social housing such as marble flooring, and other practical benefits such as covered parking places and storage for all units.Save this picture!© Fernando Alda And you would live there? Many times during the competition we discarded schemes that look formally attractive because we could not answer with a yes to the question: would you live there? Therefore Pattern Housing is also a pun, or an inside joke where instead of designing housing for the poor, we design a living space where the PATRON would like to live.Save this picture!Floor PlanProject gallerySee allShow lessBeaux Arts Ball 2013: –ismEventClustered Dwellings Building / Ana Smud + Estudio Rietti SmudSelected ProjectsProject locationAddress:Ceuta, SpainLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard Social Housing In Ceuta / IND [Inter.National.Design] Architects: IND [Inter.National.Design] Area Area of this architecture project Area:  22000 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Photographs CopyAbout this officeIND [Inter.National.Design]OfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingCeutaSpainPublished on September 10, 2013Cite: “Social Housing In Ceuta / IND [Inter.National.Design]” 10 Sep 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogShowershansgroheShower MixersVinyl Walls3MExterior Vinyl Finish – DI-NOC™ Abstract EarthPartitionsSkyfoldMarkerboard Finish for Folding WallsPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesKingspan Insulated PanelsInsulated Wall Panels – Designwall R-seriesWoodBruagRoom Acoustics – Interior Cladding PanelsEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesIsland Exterior FabricatorsCurtain Wall Facade SystemsConcreteKrytonCrystalline Waterproofing – KIMBricksNelissenSpecial Bricks – Slips and HalvesCeramicsTerrealTerracotta cladding in Le TrèfleEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System –  LINEASideboardsUSMLow Shelving – HallerTable LampsLeds-C4Lighting – ElampMore products »Read commentsSave想阅读文章的中文版本吗?休达的社会住宅/ IND [Inter National Design]是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Year:  “COPY” Manufacturers: Saunier Duval+ 11 Share Projects Photographs:  Fernando Alda  Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOr Clipboard 2011 ArchDaily Housing “COPY”last_img read more

FRSB must have more members

first_img AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis The Fundraising Standards Board needs to attract “many more organisations” according to Minister for the Third Sector Phil Hope.Speaking in response to the FRSB’s first annual review, Hope said that he was confident it had the potential to succeed. “However, many more organisations will need to join in the coming year to convince us that the sector has the will to fully embrace self-regulation and make it work. The alternative, as set out in the Charities Act, would be statutory regulation,” he said.Figures show that FRSB members – currently just over 860 – dealt with 8434 complaints to the year ending in February 2008. Just four were referred to stage 2 of the FRSB’s complaints procedure and one to stage 3.Thirty one per cent of complaints concerned direct mail, 21 per cent data protection issues, 21 per cent telephone fundraising and 13 per cent face-to-face fundraising. Escalated complaints dealt with direct mail, telephone fundraising and legacy fundraising.Chief executive of the FRSB Jon Scourse said it had never expected a huge number of complaints to get past the charities’ own complaints procedures. “You don’t judge the Fire Brigade on how many fires it attends,” he said. “You judge it on its fire prevention and how efficiently it deals with fires when it’s called out. This is a good analogy for the FRSB”The Board will be launching a new drive for membership later in the year and still hopes to achieve its target of between 4,000 and 5,000 members to make it self-funding. Scourse said he thought there were still many charities who intended to join but “hadn’t quite got around to it yet.” FRSB must have more members Tagged with: Fundraising Standards Board Law / policy About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of Researching massive growth in giving. Howard Lake | 9 May 2008 | News  28 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThislast_img read more

‘Diagnosed, Not Defined’ campaign by SGA to host outreach event Friday

first_imgTheatre TCU debuts its performance of play inspired by Botham Jean’s murder + posts TCU places second in the National Student Advertising Competition, the highest in school history What we’re reading: President Biden holds first press conference, Suez Canal blockage continues ReddIt printA campaign to help TCU community members not feel defined by their health diagnoses will host an outreach tabling day Friday. Diagnosed, Not Defined (DND) is a Student Government Association (SGA) initiative that started last year. Class of 2023 Representative Anastasia Helms started the campaign to help make students feel worth beyond their medical chart. “Our goal is to make everyone feel seen, heard, loved and worthy and not defined by what their medical chart says about them,” she said. DND focuses on strengthening unity on campus in relation to health diagnoses, and ensuring that community members have access to the resources they need. SGA Director of Wellness Kendall Drummond said that the initiative helps expand the “safety net” on campus to make sure that needs are getting met in relation to wellness.A look at resources from the DND campaign. Photo courtesy: Ethan MitoDND expands this net through interactions and connections that Drummond thinks can help alleviate the trauma that medical diagnoses can bring. “Strengthening and transparency between the students doesn’t create a culture of division, but a culture of unity,” she said. “We want to create a safe place for everybody. The best way to alleviate these symptoms of trauma (with diagnoses) is connections with other human beings.”The initiative also aims to connect students with the campus resources they need, whether they are struggling with their mental health or looking for a new workout plan that works for their health conditions.“This campaign, along with leadership from the counseling center and Chancellor Boschini, is trying to show that trauma is not a scary word. That trauma happens to all of us, especially after COVID, and that trauma can be dealt with with the resources on campus,” Drummond said.DND will host a tabling event on Friday and will also be promoting the initiative on social media. Separating identity from diagnosis Helms opened up about her own struggles after being diagnosed with epilepsy her senior year of high school. She stressed the importance of a strong support system, and said that her diagnosis inspired her to apply for SGA to create the DND campaign and help TCU students address the fear and isolation that may follow a diagnosis. Helms (right) poses with a DND sign last February. Photo courtesy: Ethan Mito“While we may not physically or emotionally understand exactly what a student is going through, being able to have someone who can be there for them and give them that support will make all the difference,” Helms said.Helms wants the DND campaign to help students separate their identity from their diagnosis. “Our diagnoses don’t define us,” she said. “My name is Anastasia, not epilepsy. I want other people to feel the same way. This is a part of me, but it is not who I am as a person.”During the DND campaign, students will be able to connect with others with the same diagnosis and learn from students that don’t share their diagnoses. DND extends to all forms of diagnoses, not just psychological, even though mental health is at the center of the campaign.“I’m not ‘mental health director’, I’m wellness director. It goes beyond just mental health,” Drummond said. “It goes to epilepsy, broken bones, deafness, blindness, enlarged tonsils and allergies, heart palpitations. We have resources on this campus that can address all aspects of wellness.” The tabling event Friday will be from 10:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. in front of the Founders Statue. Maizey Edgar Diagnosed not Defined Campaign 2020 (Ethan Mito/Photographer) Maizey Edgar 2014 TCU alumni reflect on their outdoor graduation as current seniors prepare Maizey Edgar Lending a hand: how TCU resident assistants helped serve food during February’s winter storm Linkedincenter_img Maizey Edgar Welcome TCU Class of 2025 Linkedin World Oceans Day shines spotlight on marine plastic pollution Maizey Edgar Twitter Facebook ReddIt Twitter Facebook Previous articleA host of rookie Horned Frogs find roles in the NFLNext articleHoroscope: February 24, 2021 Maizey Edgar RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHORlast_img read more

Questions over delay in refurbishment of Watergate Flats

first_imgWatergate Flats in Limerick City.Picture: Brendan GleesonTHE long delay in starting the final phase of refurbishment works at the Watergate Apartments in Limerick City has been questioned by a local councillor.The work at Tara Court was originally expected to start early last year when the first phase at Mungret Court and St Michaels Court was completed but, according to Sinn Féin councillor Malachy McCreesh, only some of the funding has been approved for the project.“The residents in Mungret Court and St Michael’s Court have seen the positive improvement the refurbishment has brought to their living conditions so it is important that Tara Court residents can experience the same result, especially with regard to heating in their homes,” the City West representative said.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up “The residents have campaigned for years to have maintenance repairs to their homes in order to rectify the issues of dampness and general draughtiness. It has been difficult for families, especially those with young children, to keep these homes warm under the circumstances.”Cllr McCreesh believes a speedy resolution is now required to allocate the necessary funding to complete the upgrade to each of the 44 homes in Tara Court. He also takes the view that the overall housing maintenance allocation within the Metropolitan District is totally inadequate to support the 3550 Council owned housing units.He said that maintenance staff are restricted to providing limited responses to the numerous major repair requests on a year-to-year basis.“General maintenance has not provided the answers to the ongoing problems encountered by the residents of Tara Court. As was outlined in the literature associated with the original upgrade proposal, the Watergate complex has some of the lowest energy rated units across all Council housing units. Phase 1 of the project has resolved these energy issues so Tara Court needs the same attention.“Council staff work closely with the Residents Association to ensure the community gets all the necessary support. Obtaining the required funding and providing a schedule for the commencement and completion of Phase 2 of this refurbishment project will resolve many of the daily issues highlighted by residents,” he declared.Senior architect at the Council’s Social Development department, Seamus Hanrahan explained that the deep retrofit of the 100 unit Watergate Flats complex is being delivered on a phased basis.“This work has significantly enhanced the performance, comfort levels and visual amenity of these buildings. Part-funding has been confirmed by the Department of Housing, Planning and Local Government for Phase 2 of the project. Part-funding has also been committed by the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEAI) under the Better Energy Communities Programme 2018. It is envisaged that work will commence on Phase 2 this year,” he Alan [email protected] Email Advertisement Print WhatsApp Predictions on the future of learning discussed at Limerick Lifelong Learning Festival NewsLocal NewsQuestions over delay in refurbishment of Watergate FlatsBy Alan Jacques – March 30, 2018 1500 Linkedin Previous articleNew social work clinic will make pregnancy less stressfulNext articleWin cinema tickets Alan Jacques Facebookcenter_img RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twitter WATCH: “Everyone is fighting so hard to get on” – Pat Ryan on competitive camogie squads TAGSCllr Malachy McCreeshlimerickLimerick City and County CouncilSinn FeinWatergate Flats Billy Lee names strong Limerick side to take on Wicklow in crucial Division 3 clash Limerick’s National Camogie League double header to be streamed live Limerick Artist ‘Willzee’ releases new Music Video – “A Dream of Peace” Limerick Ladies National Football League opener to be streamed live last_img read more

Case dismissed for CPS worker facing felony charge

first_img Youngsters urged to be safe over graduation weekends Pinterest Facebook WhatsApp Home Local News Crime Case dismissed for CPS worker facing felony charge Local NewsCrime Case dismissed for CPS worker facing felony charge A Child Protective Services caseworker had a felony case in Ector County dismissed this week after a judge determined a team of caseworkers and supervisors were behind a decision to place children in a 700-square-foot home where there were seven children living.Alexa Roman Guillen was charged with abandoning a child, a second-degree felony, on Feb. 26, 2016, according to court records. Jail records show Guillen was arrested by Odessa Police Department and booked in to Ector County jail July 6 and posted a $7,500 bond the same day.Judge James Rush stated in the dismissal Guillen’s decision to place children with relatives in a home with a total of seven children in a 700-square-foot home was not made solely by Guillen, but also by a team of CPS caseworkers and supervisors. The plan was subsequently approved by the CPS court, the order of dismissal stated.“During the time the children were in this home, the home was without water for only a day; the situation arising regarding inadequate food and the sewage problem occurred between the visits for this CPS worker,” the order stated.The family member taking care of the children also did not report those problems to CPS so the caseworker could intervene earlier, the judge wrote in the dismissal.Guillen was represented by defense attorney Jeff Parras. Twitter By admin – March 30, 2018 Previous articleTwo people killed in fatal crash at 42nd Street, Andrews Highway last nightNext articleYoung cast re-creates last walk of Jesus admin RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHORcenter_img Facebook Scales of Justice 3 Police searching for man connected to hit and run Pinterest Police searching for woman connected to husband’s death WhatsApp Twitter Slap Your Mama It’s So Delicious Southern Squash CasseroleTexas Fried ChickenSummer Spaghetti SaladPowered By 10 Sec Mama’s Deviled Eggs NextStay last_img read more

2G Spectrum: Appeal Against Acquittals Has Been Filed By Special PP Duly Authorised By The Central Govt, CBI Informs Delhi HC

first_imgNews Updates2G Spectrum: Appeal Against Acquittals Has Been Filed By Special PP Duly Authorised By The Central Govt, CBI Informs Delhi HC Karan Tripathi6 Oct 2020 3:59 AMShare This – xCentral Bureau of Investigation has informed the Delhi High Court that the leave to appeal moved against the acquittals of A Raja and others in the 2G Spectrum case has been filed by a Special Public Prosecutor who is authorised by the central government. While addressing the Single Bench of Justice Brijesh Sethi, Additional Solicitor General Sanjay Jain submitted that Special PP…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginCentral Bureau of Investigation has informed the Delhi High Court that the leave to appeal moved against the acquittals of A Raja and others in the 2G Spectrum case has been filed by a Special Public Prosecutor who is authorised by the central government. While addressing the Single Bench of Justice Brijesh Sethi, Additional Solicitor General Sanjay Jain submitted that Special PP Sanjay Bhandari, who has filed the present appeal, has been authorised by the central government to represent CBI before the appellate courts in all cases pertaining to 2G Spectrum matter. The said submissions were made in response to the contention raised by the accused saying that the present appeal is not maintainable as it is filed without following the proper procedure laid down in the CBI Manual. Appearing for CBI, ASG Sanjay Jain produced multiple documents before the court to show that Special PP Sanjay Bhandari, who has filed the present appeal on behalf of CBI, was duly authorised by the central to represent CBI in appellate courts with the concurrence of Department of Prosecutions. ‘Under section 378 of CrPC, the central government is empowered to appoint Special PPs to represent CBI in cases investigated by the agency’, Mr Jain argued. Mr Jain further submitted that Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, who was an ASG back when he was appointed as a Special PP in 2G Spectrum cases, could not file the present appeal as he is prohibited by the Bar Council of India Rules to do so. ‘Section 16 of the Advocates Act read along with BCI Rules prohibits Senior Advocates from filing vakalatnama or any other application before the court’, ASG argued. Appearing for one of the accused, Mr Vijay Aggarwal had earlier argued that the CBI did not follow clause 23.20 of the CBI Manual which requires a reference to be made to the Attorney General for deciding whether a case is fit for appeal or not if there has been an acquittal in an ‘important case.’ An ‘important case’ is categorised on the basis of the amount involved, status of the accused, the sensitive nature of the investigation involving elected representatives, etc. Mr Aggarwal had further argued the agency has shown nothing to prove that other rules which require prior approval of the Department of Prosecutions and the concerned Union Ministry before filing of appeal against an acquittal has been complied with. Next Storylast_img read more

You Can’t Impose A Central Vista On People! No Norms Followed : Shyam Divan In Supreme Court

first_imgTop StoriesYou Can’t Impose A Central Vista On People! No Norms Followed : Shyam Divan In Supreme Court Mehal Jain27 Oct 2020 9:13 AMShare This – x”There have no reports, no consultation, no experts visiting! There is an absolutely shameful abdication to a consultant as to whether the Parliament should continue in this building or should there be another building”, Divan SubmittedThe Supreme Court on Tuesday resumed hearing on the challenge to the Central Vista project and the government’s proposal to construct a new Parliament in Lutyen’s Delhi.A bench of Justices AM Khanwilkar, Dinesh Maheshwari & Sanjeev Khanna had earlier decided to hear the challenge on 3 issues, vis-à-vis change of land use, violations of municipal law, violations of environmental…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Supreme Court on Tuesday resumed hearing on the challenge to the Central Vista project and the government’s proposal to construct a new Parliament in Lutyen’s Delhi.A bench of Justices AM Khanwilkar, Dinesh Maheshwari & Sanjeev Khanna had earlier decided to hear the challenge on 3 issues, vis-à-vis change of land use, violations of municipal law, violations of environmental law. Subsequently, the Court disposed off the petitions challenging change in land use of plot number 1 of the Central Vista Project, adding that it will be taken up at a later stage as the decision on its usage had not yet been taken by the Government.On Tuesday, Senior Advocate Shyam Diwan opened his submissions, arguing, “This petition interrogates the State at the fundamental as regards the manner in which the Executive action was commenced and implemented. At the highest plain, this is about the Rule of Law versus the Rule by Law. It concerns the deepening of democracy- how the Central Vista, which is the political heart of the nation, with the Parliament building being located in it, can be changed in a democratic polity; what are the checks and balances in the Constitution!””This court visits the statutes from time-to-time to deepen the values, rights and procedures which speak of democracy…In a country where elected representatives come and go, the Parliament, the Central Vista and the Supreme Court building are held in trust! It is not sufficient to say that the Rule By law is enough and that ‘x’ and ‘y’ requirements have been complied with! None of the norms followed globally in the redevelopment of a city center were followed, none of the Constitutional norms of the highest order were followed…”, he continued.”There have no reports, no consultation, no experts visiting! There is an absolutely shameful abdication to a consultant as to whether the Parliament should continue in this building or should there be another building! Participation, in a democracy, is regarded as a valued right, whether it is express in a statute or inarticulate…but here, when they are deciding on the change of the Parliament building, and the Central Vista is to be re-wrought, the Constitutional mandate for consultation, hearing all parties, experts, inviting objections have been given a go-by! As if this is nothing more than extension of an administrative block to a university where time is of the essence for the classes have to start! “, he pressed.”Of course, the courts prefer calling it a convention, but I describe it as the democratic Constitution, democratic habits! You don’t impose a Central Vista on people, you open it as widely as possible! If you decide to supplant the Parliament, go ahead in a transparent and consultative manner!”, he continued.”Heritage has two components- the physical/built heritage, and the living heritage, which is far more subtle. Like the SC building, which is a very important part of the living heritage of the democracy. The Parliament, which is a symbol of the working of the democracy…with which the people of the democracy have had an emotional connect since decades, which is deserving of preservation and enhancement. Some transient trustee cannot just wield it away!”, contended Mr. Diwan.”Is this how a democracy functions after 70 years? One person says let’s change the Parliamentary building, a tender is floated, bids are invited in 3 weeks and it left to an expert to decide whether there should be one Parliament building or more? This is so brazenly unconstitutional and undemocratic”, he pressed, voicing the prayer that copies of all communications and correspondence from the conception of the impugned project till the floating of the NIT and the issuance of the bids be supplied to the petitioners.”This is not some defense establishment but the Parliament building! Every document needs to be public domain!”, he stressed, raising concerns regarding the principles of limited governance, public participation and consultation, and the right to know.Next, Mr. Diwan indicated the 1962 Master Plan for Delhi, where Central Vista was recognised as an “important site to meet the aspirations of a richer culture” and the “new heart of the metropolis”. He explained how the entire area, from the Rashtrapati Bhavan to the hexagon around the India Gate, was placed under strict architectural control and no construction was permitted without prior approval of the competent authorities. “So there is an aesthetic recognition, a public and citizen recognition, and then statutory and official recognition that the area is precious and valuable and requires additional control…we are submitting that it even calls for a heightened degree of judicial review as there is a higher bar for the government to cross”, he advanced.Noting that the relevant clauses in the Master Plan speak of “existing regulations”, Justice A. M. Khanwilkar asked if there are separate regulations for the Central Vista, stating that if there are, the court would have to examine the same. Mr. Diwan replied that he would get back to the court on this.It was his contention that even the July 1 order of the Delhi Urban Arts Commission granting clearance to the project was bad in law and should be struck down- “DUAC consultation should have happened before it was decided to totally alter the face of the Central Vista! You should have gone to this statutory commission! The function of the DUAC is to advice you on aesthetics etc, not after you have floated the tender, but at all stages including the preliminary stage!”Further, he discussed the Delhi Master Plan of 2021 in as much as it speaks of the “conservation of built heritage”, including “living monuments”, which have been called “an irreplaceable, cultural resource”. He advanced that the alteration or demolition of the listed buildings is prohibited without the prior approval of the competent authority. Referring to the list of notified Heritage Sites in Delhi, he indicated that the Central Vista in the Lutyen’s Bungalow Zone (LBZ) along Rajpath is one of them. “The Master Plan recognises the Central Vista as one of the finest examples of urban design and monumentality in the world. Considering that the proposal to change it is bonafide, it must be done with all circumspection! And that too before embarking on the project and not after! You can’t just give the people the fait accompli that we have floated the tender and will do what we want! You can’t just leave it to a consultant to say whether there should be one Parliament, or the new Parliament, or the old Parliament!”, he urged.”This is not just an executive decision, but one that is about the seat of the Parliament, which is the apex so far as our Constitution is concerned! There should be a statute to govern this, or at the very least, the inputs of a parliamentary committee, which was not done!”, contended Mr. Diwan.Indicating the September, 2019 manual issued by the CPWD on the ‘Conservation and Audit of Heritage Buildings’, he argued, “This manual is a contemporaneous document, and it shows that the understanding of the CPWD is that the International conventions in this context are very important. The government should be held to what they have stated here””The internationally-accepted norms and the charters have to be followed if you are re-designing the heart of India! The emphasis is on conservation, on restoring the estate without the loss of authenticity! This is what was done in Westminster and with the US Congress! You don’t abandon the structure!”, he pressed.”When the NIT was floated, there was no eligibility requirement as to knowledge and expertise on heritage. The consultant could even be a foreign party! “, he argued, indicating that the notice inviting bids for consultancy services mentioned national and international design and planning firms.”The notice inviting the bids is dated September 2, 2019. It was uploaded on September 4. And the last date of submission was September 23, which was extended by a week and made 30. Even the date and time for the pre-bid meeting was decided as September 11! People need time to download, study, understand and digest the document! The time frames were grossly inadequate! There are national and international norms to this effect! For even the most basic tender, where a government university wants a new hostel, you have to give adequate time!”, contended Mr. Diwan.”Is there a corrigendum? Maybe the expression ‘pre-bid meeting’ is inappropriate. Maybe it was something else”, asked Justice Khanwilkar.”Between the opening of the bids and the last date, the meeting that is called for giving clarifications is called the pre-bid meeting. What I find absurd are the time frames! For such a complex document, and given its purpose!”, submitted Mr. Diwan.”I am only on the standpoint of the citizen who is entitled to ensure that when the Central Vista is re-designed, there is adequate participation. I am not on whether this condition was fulfilled or that condition was complied with. Don’t approach this as a tender matter, but one of the greatest Constitutional significance”, he urged.”How many respondents were there to the bid? If there were only 1 or 2, we can understand your grievance. If there were more and only 4 are found eligible, then that is the tender process. That can’t be the basis to question everything!”, observed Justice Khanwilkar, adding that the Senior Counsel’s other arguments are nevertheless “valid”.”The initial notice also carries the date of the pre-bid meeting as September 11. The meeting has no significance other than for offering clarification to any contractor”, repeated Justice Dinesh Maheshwari.”Should we say that the time-frame is inadequate? That is a policy issue…We can doubt on the heritage point and on the environmental issue, but not on this”, said Justice Khanwilkar.”We’ll ask the SG to explain the purpose of the pre-bid meeting”, suggested the bench. “It is of no relevance to me. We can skip this argument”, said Mr. Diwan.”We’ll note it, but give it no relevance. We are on the planning issue, not on the execution or the tender. We have noted the consultation argument with urgency…in these matters, there is nothing like ‘me’ against ‘you’. It is non-adversarial”, said Justice Khanwilkar.Moreover, Mr. Diwan pointed out that the government has stated that “there is an imperative need to re-design and re-develop the existing Parliament building with the same outer facade ‘OR’ to construct a new, state-of-the-art building in close vicinity”. “There is no decision as to where the Parliament is to sit, reside and to transact its business! You can’t just leave the decision to a consultant, let alone a foreign consultant! This alone delivers a stake into the heart of the Constitution, and the Republic of India!”, he advanced.Asserting that this is not a “virgin territory” and there are internationally-accepted norms holding fort in the field, he explained that globally, where such an endeavour is embarked on, there is a two-part open competition; there is invariably a jury, including the citizens’ representatives, to judge the competition; and the widest possible participation is encouraged. “Of course, in India, the government asks a consultant to tell if the people of India want a new Parliament or a refurbished Parliament so that it can implement it!”, he commented.He pointed out that in response to the September, 2019 advertisement, the Indian Institute of Architecture had addressed a representation to the government, indicating that the conditions of Earnest Money Deposit, turn-over and over-emphasis on the technical criteria is resulting in the exclusion of the Indian architectural firms. Besides, even the Council of Architecture had written that the tender should be executed on the basis of best design solution and concept rather than lowest-bidding; it was suggested that the government conduct an open architectural design competition through a fair and transparent procedure.”The NIT is a bold from the blue! There was no examination, no reports, no committees, no expert opinion, no public debate!”, concluded Mr. Diwan.Justice Khanwilkar inquired if the Joint Parliamentary Committee (concerned with the need for upscaling parliamentary facilities), which was reconstituted in 2014, submitted any proposal in connection with the issue at hand.”We looked carefully and found there are no reports of either the first or the second Committee in the public domain. Apparently, they are in the process of reconstituting another similar Committee”, replied Mr. Diwan.As the bench was about to rise for the day, it sought to know from SG Tushar Mehta whether asking the consultants to draw a draft Master Plan was permissible under the DDA Act.”The Master Plan, as we understand it under the DDA Act, is for the whole Delhi. In context of the Central Vista, there is a broader plan, which is loosely called the Master Plan.”So it is a project plan? But it has to confirm to the Master Plan finally. That is why there was the change of land use…”, commented Justice Khanwilkar.The Petitioners were represented by Senior Advocate Shyam Divan, Advocates Gautam Bhatia and Vrinda Bhandari The Petition has been filed through Advocate Shadan Farasat Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more