Salmonella outbreak tied to pot pies totaled 401 cases

first_imgNov 26, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – A widely publicized Salmonella outbreak that was linked to frozen pot pies last year involved 401 cases in 41 states and put more than 100 patients in hospitals, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said today in a final report on the episode.The outbreak prompted changes in the label instructions for Banquet pot pies and warnings about the importance of thoroughly cooking frozen, not-ready-to-eat foods. And in today’s report, the CDC says the food industry and regulators should examine manufacturing processes for such foods to determine how safe it is to cook them in microwave ovens.Cases in the outbreak began in February and continued until December, peaking in September, according to the article in the Nov 28 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Of patients for whom the information was available, 144 of 289 (50%) had bloody diarrhea, and 108 of 338 (32%) were hospitalized, the CDC says. The outbreak strain is known as Salmonella enterica serotype I 4,5,12:i:-.Rajal Mody, MD, a CDC Epidemic Intelligence Service officer, said a hospitalization rate of 32% is “close to average” for Salmonella outbreaks. He said a recent study that compared the hospitalization rates for many different Salmonella serotypes found that the average is 22.8%. The study was published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases (see link below).”There are definitely some strains that are lower, some in the 16% range, and there’s one as high as 67%, but that is a fairly rare serotype,” Mody told CIDRAP News. He said the same study indicated that the average hospitalization rate for the I 4,5,12:i:- strain is about 25%.The first cluster of cases involving the outbreak strain with matching DNA fingerprints was detected by Pennsylvania disease detectives in June, the CDC report says. But the source of infection was not discovered until a case-control study was launched in October.As part of that effort, epidemiologists in the Minnesota Department of Health determined that four case-patients had eaten Banquet pot pies in the week before they got sick. Further investigation of cases and neighborhood matched controls pointed to Banquet turkey pot pies as the only food associated with the outbreak.In subsequent interviews, 174 of 236 case-patients reported they had eaten frozen pot pies in the week before they fell ill, and more than 90% of these were Banquet or other brands made in the same plant. In addition, the outbreak strain was found in 13 unopened Banquet turkey pot pies collected from patients, all of them produced on Jul 13 or Jul 31, 2007.ConAgra Foods on Oct 8, 2007, suspended production of pot pies at the plant linked to the outbreak, and a few days later the company recalled all pot pies made there. Previous reports listed the plant location as Marshall, Mo.The CDC report indicates that many of the outbreak cases might have been related to undercooking of the pot pies in microwave ovens. “Banquet pot pie microwave instructions might have been confusing because different parts of the package recommended different preparation times,” the article says. Also, the microwave instructions varied by wattage, but few of the patients who were interviewed knew the wattage of their microwave. The report notes that ConAgra revised the labeling and instructions on the pot pies before resuming production.However, improper microwave cooking could not explain the entire outbreak, because 23% of case-patients who ate a pot pie reported cooking the pies in conventional ovens, the CDC says. The case-control study was not large enough to determine whether using a microwave rather than a conventional oven was a risk factor for illness.Several previous salmonellosis outbreaks have been linked to frozen, not-ready-to-eat foods, including several tied to frozen chicken entrees, the report notes. The pot pie outbreak differed from the previous ones in that all the meat ingredients in the pies were supposed to be precooked, with the crust being the only raw part, it says. The report suggests that contamination could have come from “raw frozen poultry pastes” used in making the pies. However, an intensive investigation of the ConAgra plant and its suppliers failed to pinpoint any source of contamination.In view of the likely role of microwave cooking in the outbreak, the CDC says, “Industry and regulators should consider examining the manufacturing processes for frozen not ready-to-eat foods to determine the extent to which microwave cooking is safe for these products.”Besides calling for clear instructions and warnings on frozen microwavable foods, the agency says that clear and prominent listing of the wattage on microwave ovens might improve consumer compliance with the cooking instructions.CDC. Multistate outbreak of Salmonella infections associated with frozen pot pies—United States, 2007. MMWR 2008 Nov 28;57(47):1277-80 [Full text]See also: Oct 12, 2007, CIDRAP News story “ConAgra recalls pot pies as Salmonella cases rise”Study from Jul 1, 2008, Journal of Infectious Diseases: “Salmonellosis outcomes differ substantially by serotype”last_img read more

Governor Wolf: $17.5 Million in Grants Will Help Workers Learn New Skills, Get In-Demand Jobs

first_img Economy,  Jobs That Pay,  Workforce Development Harrisburg, PA – Governor Tom Wolf today continued his commitment to providing individuals with the training they need to succeed in the 21st century economy by announcing more than $17.5 million in federal grant funding to boost job skills and provide other support services for dislocated workers in Pennsylvania.“I believe strongly in the importance of investing in our workers’ success by helping them increase their skills and get the good jobs they need to sustain their families,” said Governor Wolf. “The result of these targeted investments is truly a win-win for everyone, as it also provides businesses with the skilled workforce they need to thrive in our global economy.”The Pennsylvania Department of Labor & Industry (L&I) was awarded an $8 million Trade and Economic Transition Dislocated Worker Grant that will primarily be used to help individuals who have lost their jobs in the retail and hospitality industries. The grant will fund the full costs of skills training and associated needs, like child care, to help dislocated workers get in-demand jobs.“We plan to serve individuals holistically, giving them the best opportunity to achieve higher skill levels and earn a good, family-sustaining wage,” said L&I Secretary Jerry Oleksiak. “As part of this grant, L&I is going to train dislocated workers to acquire the skills that will transcend multiple industries, rather than just focusing on one specific skillset or sector. This approach will provide countless more opportunities for dislocated workers in Pennsylvanian.”L&I is partnering with the Pennsylvania Department of Human Services (DHS) to identify individuals in their SNAP (Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program) and TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) programs that would be eligible to receive job skills training as part of the grant award.“As the Wolf Administration works towards expanding employment opportunities for all Pennsylvanians, we know that barriers exist that prevent people from finding a better job. Access to child care, transportation, and their ability to access necessary training and education may prevent someone from seeking a better opportunity,” said DHS Secretary Teresa Miller. “This funding will help us address some of those barriers and get more Pennsylvanians into enriching, family-sustaining jobs.”In addition to the L&I grant award, two local workforce development boards also received funding:$1.7 million to the Bucks County Workforce Development Board to provide training and work-based learning opportunities to dislocated workers in Bucks, Montgomery and Philadelphia counties – specifically in Manufacturing and Information Technology, which account for more than 50 percent of the Gross Regional Product of the area.$7.8 million to the Three Rivers Workforce Investment Board to help coordinate and implement a regional strategy to recruit mature workers that have experienced a dislocation in sectors negatively impacted by technology and automation and to train these workers for occupations in Health Care, Transportation and Logistics, Information Technology, Financial Services, and Advanced Manufacturing.Governor Wolf is committed to investing in workforce development. His PAsmart initiative is a first-of-its-kind $30 million investment that creates new opportunities for workers to help them prepare for the in-demand middle class jobs of today and the future.Recently, the governor signed an executive order to cut red tape and improve coordination between several state agencies to more effectively deliver workforce development services to Pennsylvanians. Under the executive order, the Pennsylvania Workforce Development Board, the governor’s private sector policy advisor, will provide recommendations on the distribution of the $30 million in PAsmart funding, which will be driven out through competitive grants. This collaboration will help to ensure the investments meet employers’ need for skilled workers and that workers are gaining the skills for good, middle-class jobs that will grow Pennsylvania’s economy.For more information about pursuing an education and career in Pennsylvania at any stage of life, visit PAsmart. September 26, 2018 SHARE Email Facebook Twittercenter_img Governor Wolf: $17.5 Million in Grants Will Help Workers Learn New Skills, Get In-Demand Jobslast_img read more