Eduard Folayang. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netA new ONE lightweight champion will be crowned not long after the title was vacated by Martin Nguyen several days ago.ONE chairman and CEO Chatri Sityodtong on Monday announced that Filipino MMA star Eduard Folayang and Singaporean knockout artist Amir Khan will dispute the belt at ONE: Conquest of Champions on November 23 at Mall of Asia Arena.ADVERTISEMENT Tim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crown Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Will you be the first P16 Billion Powerball jackpot winner from the Philippines? Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles02:18Alvarez ready to take risk vs Folayang, looks to end clash by ‘knockout or submission’03:47PH’s Charly Suarez boxing lightweight final (HIGHLIGHTS)02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Gretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California college Allen Durham still determined to help Meralco win 1st PBA title Japeth Aguilar embraces role, gets rewarded with Finals MVP plum LATEST STORIES Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew The 23-year-old Khan, who has won eight of his last fights, eyes history for Singapore as he hopes to become the country’s first homegrown world champion in his first title fight.“Amir wants to become Singapore’s first homegrown World Champion in history, and stamp his legacy as the greatest Singaporean martial artist the world has ever seen.” said Sityodtong said of Khan, who beat Filipino Honorio Banario via submission earlier this month.Sityodtong also said whoever wins between Folayang and Khan will defend the lightweight strap against the victor of the Shinya Aoki and Ev Ting showdown at ONE: Kingdom of Heroes on Saturday in Bangkok, Thailand.“Barring any injuries or unforeseen circumstances, I fully expect the winner between Ev and Shinya to face the winner between Eduard and Amir in Tokyo.” Sityodtong said. “Without a doubt, it is super exciting times for this incredibly stacked division. Hold your breath though. I am going to announce more explosive news soon. Stay tuned.”ADVERTISEMENT Gov’t to employ 6,000 displaced by Taal PSC to ‘fast-track’ rehab of athletes’ dorms after death of wushu junior Daraliay MOST READ “I am excited to announce that Eduard ‘Landslide’ Folayang and Amir Khan will face each other for the ONE Lightweight World Championship on November 23 in Manila,” Sityodtong wrote on his Facebook account. “The stakes could not be any higher for both warriors in what will be the biggest fight of their careers.”The 33-year-old Folayang earned his shot to reclaim the crown he yielded when got knocked out cold in the second round by Nguyen in November last year after scoring a pair of impressive decision wins over previously undefeated Russian fighters Aziz Pahrudinov and Kharun Atlangeriev.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSJapeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for GinebraSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back Chriss“Eduard wants to reclaim his title and go down as the greatest Filipino martial artist in history.” Sityodtong said.But Folayang’s road back to the top will have to go through a dangerous foe in Khan. Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View comments
Dr. Darren Wilkins— The Need To Empower the Chief Information Office(r)-RL (CIO-RL)By Dr. Darren Wilkins (DWilkins@SaharaTechnology.Com | 0777129092/0886703789)Over the years, we have been diligently and passionately working to achieve a robust e-government program; that not only to benefits the Government of Liberia or GoL, but also its citizens and residents. There have been a myriad of challenges that seem to be hindering our efforts to achieve this goal. The lack of resources both human and financial, the lack of infrastructure and the “absence” of political will, are a few of the many challenges that have been strangulating our efforts to achieve our goals. Despite these challenges, significant progress has been made, even though the impact of such progress may not have been felt by the Government and the people of Liberia as we had anticipated. And, it is safe to say that the impact was not felt because of the absence of an effective “e-Government Champion”; a “champion” with “carte blanche” to make decisions at senior level. This “champion”, would be a person who reports directly to the Office of President of Liberia, thereby giving him/her the much needed authority to drive the GoL’s e-government programs. This article attempts to make the case for a strong e-government “champion” for the achievement of a robust e-government program.For the benefit of those who have little or no knowledge of e-government, e-government or electronic government is an idea raised by former U.S. Vice President (Al Gore). The then Vice President Gore’s vision was to link all departments and agencies of the US Government to enable them provide information and services to US citizens and residents, in an automated way, thereby reducing cost, improving performance, and delivering services faster.There are several definitions of e-Government among practitioners, researchers, et al, but all of them agree to a single definition that e-Government is a government’s use of information communication technologies (ICTs) to deliver information and services to its citizens, businesses, and employees/agencies. The United Nations’ website defines e-government as: “the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) – such as Wide Area Networks, the Internet, and mobile computing – by government agencies”. The World Bank on the other hand defines e-Government as: “the use by government agencies of information technologies (such as Wide Area Networks, the Internet, and mobile computing) that have the ability to transform relations with citizens, businesses, and other arms of government”. Since the focus of this article is the Chief Information Office(r) or CIO, I shall remain within the confines of that “focus”. In a subsequent article I shall discuss e-Government in depth.A few years ago, I wrote my doctoral dissertation on Liberia’s e-Government program with focus on the E-Liberia project. The E-Liberia project was a World Bank initiative that was subsequently turned over to the GoL through the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications. This project suffered serious setbacks because the Ministry did not have the human, financial and technical resources required to sustain it. In my dissertation I used my experience working as the manager of the E-Liberia Project Management Office to delineate some of the challenges facing our e-Government initiatives. I listed some of the challenges as the lack of trained staff and training opportunities; the lack of technology infrastructure and the lack of political will. The lack of political will in this case specifically referred to the GoL’s inability to prioritize ICTs and empower the CIO regime even though it had national mandate.Enshrined in the National ICT and Telecommunications Policy 2010-2015 is a mandate for a CIO regime that would govern the GoL’s e-government programs. Within that same Policy was another mandate for the formation of a Project Management Office (PMO) which would serve as the implementing arm of the Government’s e-government programs. In addition to the now “outdated” National ICT and Telecommunication Policy 2010-2015, there exists a “draft” E-Government Strategy that proffers 26 e-Government projects including e-Health, e-Procurement, e-Commerce, etc. Unfortunately, that “draft” E-Government Strategy never made it the cabinet for approval; the very reason why it is still referred to as “draft”.The CIO regime, which was initiated to govern the GoL’s e-government programs, did not have the carte blanche and capacity to implement its mandate. Since it was “buried” within the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications where the Chief Information Officer had to report to the Minister of Posts and Telecommunications, who also was the only person from that entity with a seat at cabinet meetings, the CIO regime suffered several setbacks. The setbacks occurred because ICTs were never advocated for, nor were they made a priority at cabinet level. Methinks more focus was placed on Posts than ICTs at cabinet level. The absence of an ICT or e-government “Champion” at cabinet level is primarily the reason for what seems to be the gradual demise of CIO regime and GoL’s e-government programs. Regrettably, this has also affected the entire ICT sector.A New Government and a new Sheriff have come to town. What should we do? Reinvent the wheel? Or build on what has been achieved? I would aim for the latter if I had the opportunity. The “New” Government has proffered a “Pro-Poor” agenda. This means we have to provide innovative solutions and approaches using existing “tools” to achieve the GoL’s e-government goals. It also means that we must put our differences aside and channel our collective IQ and energy into a refreshed mission, in order to achieve the long awaited electronic government. For this to work though, the “Political Will” and support need to be given to the CIO and the CIO regime. The CIO should be the “Champion” for e-government. This “Champion” will need to report directly to the Office of the President as compared to the current structure. A “champion” who is a “direct” report to the President will force heads of institutions to adhere to the e-government strategy rather than build siloed ICT systems at their institutions.Finally, e-government seeks to achieve greater efficiency in government, reduce cost and provide better and faster services for the people. Using online interactive services such as online petitioning, paying taxes online, registering a business, obtaining a driver’s license or birth certificate via a click of the mouse, etc, are but few of the services e-government aims to offer. Our “new” government now has the opportunity to pick up from where the old regime left off, correct the mistakes made by the previous regime, and move towards achieving a robust e-government program. Let’s first start by re-organizing and supporting the CIO regime. The most important thing to do now is to change the reporting structure to empower the CIO to do his/her work.Until next week, Carpe diem!Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Public Accounts Committee (PAC) Chairman Irfaan Ali said there was absolutely no space for Cabinet to give its “no objections” to contracts once the Public Procurement Commission (PPC) was in place.PAC Chairman Irfaan AliHe said the PPC has complete oversight responsibility of the procurement process, something Cabinet should have relinquished once the Commission was established.“What I know is that once the PPC comes into operation, which is the position right now, there is absolutely no role for the Cabinet. The Cabinet cannot give any “no objection”; it cannot be involved in any aspect of procurement. The Commission has complete oversight responsibility of the procurement process,” Ali told Guyana Times on Sunday.Following an announcement by the recently-established PPC, Government had come in for criticism for “overstepping its grounds”, by being involved in the issuance of public contracts although the Commission was established for this purpose. The Commission, coming out in rebuttal of accusations made against it, laid out on Friday that it did not have within its remit, giving “no objections” to contracts, although Government said that would be one of its major responsibilities.On Friday, the PPC, in response to reports in the media, sought to clear up the “misconceptions” about its real functions as a recently-established procurement body. According to the PPC, recent media reports have contributed to the notion that it had not yet commenced its work, resulting in the continuing role of Cabinet in the national procurement system, whereby it issues its “no objection” to the award of contracts.However, the body said that since its establishment in October last, it has been carrying out some basic preliminary work, required by the Constitution before it could begin carrying out its mandate, which incidentally does not include the granting of “no objections” to contracts.They included the election of a chairperson; followed by discussions with the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) on the benefits and conditions of service for the Commissioners; and the determination of a staff structure for the establishment of a Secretariat, including the preparation of the terms and conditions of the proposed staff, of which the three principal officers require the approval of the National Assembly”.It said in pursuit of this mandate, Commissioners have been meeting almost daily, and in the absence of a fixed office.It continued that following a detailed review of the applicable legislative framework, it engaged several stakeholders within the national procurement system to sensitise them to the role and functions of the PPC. In this regard, members of the Commission said it interfaced and held discussions with more than 100 public officials from several agencies and departments that function in the public procurement system and deal directly with procurement matters.Earlier this month, Minister of State, Joseph Harmon said that PPC was still inactive as it still was in the process of recruiting competent employees, and Cabinet would stop granting its no-objection when the PPC was ready to work.“Once they say to us ‘we are ready to function’, then Cabinet will cease doing anything, but since these are public infrastructural projects that need to be executed, we cannot just sit and wait,” the Minister of State posited.“Once the PPC indicates that they are ready, and then Cabinet will pull back,” he emphasised. Harmon also admitted that though the PPC has been inactive, the Commissioners have been receiving their salaries.Reports indicate that PPC Chairperson Carol Corbin is receiving $1.3 million monthly, while the other Commissioners are earning some $900,000 per month.The other Commissioners are Nanda Gopaul, Emily Dodson, Ivor English, and Sukrishnalall Pasha.
Julian Cuddihy. Pic by Northwest News Pix.A Co Donegal man suffering from paranoid schizophrenia who attacked his parents with an axe has been committed to the Central Mental Hospital in Dublin.The Irish Times report that Julian Cuddihy (43) was accused of murdering his mother Kathleen (73) and father James (77) at their family home in Churchtown, Carndonagh on October 22nd, 2014. Earlier this month, he pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity and a jury delivered a unanimous verdict after less than an hour of deliberation at the Central Criminal Court.Cuddihy, who believed that by killing his parents he was sending them to heaven, was on Monday committed to the Central Mental Hospital (CMH) in Dundrum for inpatient care.Ms Justice Margaret Heneghan ordered his committal on foot of a report by Dr Sally Lenihan, consultant forensic psychiatrist based at the CMH in Dublin.Dr Lenihan told the court that Mr Cuddihy was first admitted to the CMH on October 31st, 2014, suffering from psychotic symptoms and delusional beliefs.She assessed him as suffering from paranoid schizophrenia, a state of mind that affects his thinking, perception, emotion and judgment, and that impairs his mental function to the extent that he requires care or treatment.She told the court that the kind of care Cuddihy needs is available only at the CMH.Ms Justice Heneghan said she was satisfied that Cuddihy was suffering from a mental disorder under the definition of the 2006 Criminal Law (Insanity) Act and was in need of inpatient care in “the only designated centre” – the Central Mental Hospital, Dundrum.The judge ordered his committal to the CMH for inpatient care and treatment.MAN WHO KILLED PARENTS COMMITTED TO CENTRAL MENTAL HOSPITAL was last modified: June 20th, 2016 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Bus Éireann has announced it expects to be able to replace all of the School Transport Scheme bus services that were operated by Lough Swilly Bus Company in Co Donegal prior to it ceasing to trade.The company says it plans to have the new services in place in time for the return to school on Monday morning the 28th of April.Over 2,000 schoolchildren hold tickets issued by Bus Éireann for use on over 50 school bus routes and a number of public scheduled bus services formerly provided by Lough Swilly Bus Company. Bus Éireann has asked parents and guardians of schoolgoing children using the services to ensure that their children are at the normal pick-up points in good time.The vehicles providing the services from Monday the 28th of April will be contracted from local private bus operators operating on behalf of Bus Éireann. Further information is available from Bus Éireann, Stranorlar at 074-9131008.Bus Éireann operates the School Transport Scheme nationally on behalf of the Department of Education and Skills. Every school day approximately 114,000 primary and post-primary children are transported on almost 4,000 dedicated school transport vehicles across 6,000 routes serving some 3,000 schools across the country under the scheme.This includes some 10,000 children with special educational needs who are provided with services tailored to meet their individual requirements on a door-to-door basis. Schoolchildren traveling under the scheme make over 40 million individual journeys every year. BUS EIREANN TO REPLACE SCHOOL BUSES OPERATED BY LOUGH SWILLY SERVICE was last modified: April 24th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:bus eireanndonegalLough swilly bus
South Africa’s relationships with our sister African countries have allowed us to electrify more than 6-million households since 1994, such as these homes in the township of Vosloorus. (Image: Lebogang Lekwae) The Minister of Energy Tina Joemat-Pettersson and her deputy, Thembisile Majola, join President Jacob Zuma in strongly condemning the current attacks on non-South Africans in parts of our country.• Download the Department of Energy media statement in PDFThe Department of Energy reminds all South Africans that it is imperative that we stand together to build and develop our continent. To achieve this, the department is already working with a number of countries on the continent to improve energy capacity for all Africans.Among these potentially transformative and life-changing projects is the Great Inga Hydropower Scheme in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which, when complete, will produce power for Southern Africa Development Community countries such as South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Malawi, Namibia and Angola over the long term.Sasol, a major South African energy company, currently accesses gas from fields in neighbouring countries, providing energy for South African industries and households, and sustaining thousands of South African jobs.Most of the crude oil used in South Africa is imported from other African countries, such as Nigeria and Angola.More than this, South Africa also has long-standing reciprocal energy-production relationships with our neighbouring countries, from whom we procure both electricity and the water needed to run our power stations.South Africa’s relationships with our sister African countries have allowed us to electrify more than 6-million households since 1994. Today, the government has a programme of action to reduce the backlog of connections and remains committed to connecting all households to an electricity supply.“Our common African history and bonds of fraternity and unity is what gave impetus to the liberation struggles of South Africans,” said Joemat-Pettersson. “We treasure this history, and call on all South Africans to embrace our brothers and sisters and, to condemn attacks on foreign nationals in all its manifestations.”Issued by the Ministry of EnergyFor more information, please contact: Mediadesk@energy.gov.za Tel: 012 406 7481
The 5th South African Premier Business Awards will be hosted by the Department of Trade and Industry (the dti), in partnership with Brand South Africa and Proudly South African, on the 30 January 2018 at the Sandton Convention Centre.Deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa with past winners, the management team of Hazelton Pumps. (Image: SA Capital Equipment Export Council)Johannesburg, 22 January 2018 – Members of the media are invited to attend the awards ceremony of the fifth South African Premier Business Awards where South African business excellence will be recognised and rewarded. The ceremony will be hosted by the Department of Trade and Industry (the dti), in partnership with Brand South Africa and Proudly South African under the theme Rewarding Business Excellence:DATE : Tuesday, 30 January 2018VENUE : Sandton Convention Centre, JohannesburgTIME : 18h30Thirty companies will be vying for top honours in ten categories which include Black Industrialists Award, Manufacturer Award, Play Your Part Award, Proudly South African Member Company Award, SMME Award, Woman Owned Award and Young Entrepreneur Award. The awards are sponsored by Tsogo Sun, Old Mutual, Wits Business School and Johannesburg Stock Exchange.According to the Minister of Trade and Industry, Dr Rob Davies the awards recognise business excellence and celebrate enterprises that promote the spirit of success and innovation as well as job creation, good business ethics and quality.Journalists who will be covering the event are requested to RSVP by Wednesday, 24 January 2018 to Charles Mnisi via email: CMnisi@thedti.gov.za or telephone on 012 394 1721/072 523 4886 or Ntombi Ntanzi on Ntombifuthn@brandsouthafrica.com or (011) 712-5071/081 704 1488.More information on the South African Premier Business Awards, visit: www.sapremierbusinessawards.co.za or call 0861 843 384.To set up interviews, please contact:Ntombi NtanziTel: +27 11 712 5071Mobile: +27 (0) 81 704 1488Email: email@example.comVisit www.brandsouthafrica.comWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The Ohio Cattlemen’s Association (OCA) BEST Program for youth ages 8 to 21 years hosted the BEST Celebrity Showdown at the Clark County Cattle Battle to benefit Make-A-Wish Ohio, Kentucky & Indiana. The event, in its fifth year, was held on Friday, Jan. 27, 2017, at the Champions Center in Springfield. The Clark County Cattle Producers, an OCA County Affiliate, assisted in coordinating the event.Youth who raised a minimum of $100 participated in this year’s community service project, dressed up their cattle and presented them to the celebrity judge, WHIO Television’s Gabrielle Enright, news anchor and reporter. Through donations from family, friends, the community and members of the Ohio Cattlemen’s Association, youth participating in the Celebrity Showdown raised over $5,000. Additionally, a silent auction was held with numerous items selling to generous supporters that raised an additional $6,000 for Make-A-Wish Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana. The goal is to raise $16,000 to help grant the wishes of local children battling life-threatening medical conditions. In the past five years, BEST participants raised more than $70,000 for Make-A-Wish.Incentive prizes will be awarded to the top fundraisers at the OCA BEST Program Awards Banquet on May 6, 2017. Donations to Make-A-Wish will continue to be accepted after the Celebrity Showdown until the BEST Banquet.The BEST Celebrity Showdown at the Clark County Cattle Battle is a part of the Kids For Wish Kids program. It gives students the opportunity to help make wishes come true. Students develop fundraising ideas under the supervision of a teacher, principal or club advisor and help share the power of a wish.Make-A-Wish Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana grants the wishes of children with life-threatening medical conditions to enrich the human experience with hope, strength and joy. For more information, visit our website at ohio.wish.org or call 1-877-206-9474.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Cooler than normal temperatures and dry conditions were unwelcome for most growers when moisture and warm weather could have helped with grain fill and maturity, according to Cheryl Turner, Ohio State Statistician for the 20 USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 6.3 days available for fieldwork for the week ending August 27th, 2017. Soil moisture shortages grew as rainfall was fairly limited for most of the state. Effects of the extended dry period were evident statewide. Pastures and hay fields were turning brown, corn fired prematurely and some reports of soybean pods aborting were noted. Commercial vegetable harvest continued, and growers had more opportunities to harvest hay.Click here for the full report
When you look at Manual J reports, you’ll see the loads. They’re shown separately for heating and cooling, and cooling is further divided into sensible and latent. When the contractor or designer picks a piece of equipment, they’ll have to go through a “derating” process to match the equipment’s performance specifications with the building’s loads. (For more on this, see “Manual J Doesn’t Tell You Equipment Capacity.”)I mention this topic here because some Manual J reports can confuse you on this distinction, especially for cooling. Depending on which reports you’re looking at, you may also see something like “Req. total capacity at 0.70 SHR.” That’s just a guess at what equipment capacity you’ll need. If the person who ran the calculations has already gone through the derating procedure and specified the equipment, it may be accurate. Or the designer may have left the default number in there for SHR (sensible heat ratio), in which case you should look at that number simply as a suggestion.In the end, just remember that the load calculation comes first, and your equipment capacity is going to be a bit bigger than the loads.Notes on terminologyIf you’re going to read Manual J reports, knowing a little about the terms used will help you understand them. Here are a few that you need to know:One ton of AC capacity is equal to 12,000 BTU/hr.BTUh is the same as BTU/hr.Sensible cooling results in lower temperature (technically, dry bulb temperature); latent cooling results in lower humidity through condensation of water vapor on the coil.SHR is the sensible heat ratio. It’s obtained by dividing the sensible cooling load by the total cooling load. For homes in eastern North America, the humid side, that number often comes in at 0.8 to 0.9, sometimes even a bit higher. In dry climates, it can be 1.0 when ventilating with outdoor air.A rule of thumb you can useI often rail against rules of thumb when it comes to HVAC design (or lack thereof), but that doesn’t mean you can’t use one to your advantage. This is the sniff test you can do to see how close the designer might have come to an accurate load calculation. In the warmer climates where air conditioning is a big deal, the rule of thumb used by many contractors for sizing an air conditioner is usually this:AC capacity = CFA ÷ (500 sf/ton)CFA is conditioned floor area in square feet.Sometimes the rule is 400 sf/ton, sometimes 600 sf/ton. But it’s always right in that neighborhood. So if you get a load calculation report, find the total cooling load (sensible plus latent) and divide it by the conditioned floor area. If it comes out around 500 or 600 sf/ton, the designer fudged the calculations somehow to align them with their preconceived idea of how big the loads should be based on their rule of thumb. (I’m talking about new homes here, or complete gut-rehabs. Existing homes generally have higher loads.)Don’t believe me? Take a look at our data. The graph shown in Image #2, below, is from an article I wrote in 2016 about the results of our load calculations on 40 projects. (Go read the article for full details.) The takeaways here are that our worst result was 624 sf/ton. The average 1,431 sf/ton.If you’re building a well-insulated house with a good level of airtightness, double-pane low-e windows, and decent specifications overall — in other words, a house that meets most state energy codes these days — your result should be 1,000 sf/ton or higher. If it comes in lower that, you should see that as a red flag and delve into the details to see if the designer made mistakes.Delving into the detailsFinding the loads. First, identify the results for heating and cooling loads. The two main software tools for doing load calculations are Wrightsoft’s RightSuite Universal and Elite’s RHVAC. The reports look a little different but it’s not too hard to find the results. Both types of software make it clear how many BTU/hr you need for heating and for cooling. And for cooling, they also break it down into sensible, latent, and total. From the total cooling load, you can calculate the sf/ton I mentioned above. RightSuite doesn’t do it for you, but Elite’s software does. In the Project Report, they include a section called Check Figures that includes the sf/ton.Checking the details. If you suspect that the loads may be too high — or too low or about right — you can check the details to see if the designer got the inputs right. Here are some of the main things to check:Indoor design temperatures. The standard indoor temperatures are 70° F for heating and 75° F for cooling (with 50% relative humidity).Outdoor design temperatures. The outdoor design temperatures depend on where you are, and you should check to see what was entered versus what should have been entered. It’s pretty easy to find the entries on the reports. To find what should have been entered, you can go to this page on the International Code Council’s website. If the entries in your calculation are off by a couple of degrees, it’s not a big deal. If they’re off by 5 degrees, you should ask for it to be corrected.Areas. When the designer enters the various floors, walls, ceilings, windows, and doors, having the wrong areas can make a big difference. This is especially true for parts of the building enclosure that have worse specifications, like windows. A code-built house in IECC climate zone 3, for example, has windows that are about R-3 whereas the walls will be R-13. Entering too much window area is a way to inflate the load. Entering too much of any of the areas likewise inflates the load.R-values and U-factors. Check the entries for the floors, walls, ceilings, and floors to ensure the designer put in the correct R-values (for insulation) and U-factors (for assemblies like windows).Number of occupants. A common way to inflate the cooling load is to add extra occupants. The rule here is that the number of occupants should equal the number of bedrooms plus one. If they put 23 people in a 5-bedroom house (yes, I really saw that!), they’re adding unnecessary load. At 230 BTU/hr sensible and 200 BTU/hr latent, those 17 extra occupants added more than a half ton of cooling load.Infiltration. Did they use a simplified input method? If you’re building a new house and meeting a code that requires 7 air changes per hour at 50 Pascals (ach50) or better, the entry should be tight or maybe semi-tight. Better would be to use an actual blower door number. For example, if your code requires 3 ach50, enter that into the calculation. If you’re going for Passive House certification, enter 0.6 ach50 or 0.05 cfm50/sf of enclosure.Orientation. The software gives the designer the option of using worst case for the orientation. Your load calculation should have the correct orientation or you’ll end up with extra load in your reports.Duct location. If the ducts are in conditioned space or in an encapsulated attic or crawl space, make sure that gets factored in properly. Doing the load calculations for ducts in an unconditioned attic will result in excess load.Contractors doing these load calculations often feel compelled to stretch a little bit here and a little bit there. Each litte bit doesn’t affect the overall load that much, but by the time you add them all up, you’re looking at putting in a 4-ton air conditioner where 2.5 tons would work. But here’s the thing: Even when you’re as stingy as possible with things that add load, you still end up oversized. So there’s no need to add extra load. If you’re building or remodeling a high-performance house, make sure the load calculation is correct. It’s worth it. Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a speaker, writer, building science consultant, and the author of the Energy Vanguard Blog. You can follow him on Twitter at @EnergyVanguard. RELATED ARTICLESSaving Energy With Manual J and Manual DWho Can Perform My Load Calculations?Manual J Load Calculations vs. Rules of ThumbHow to Perform a Heat-Loss Calculation — Part 1How to Perform a Heat-Loss Calculation — Part 2Calculating Cooling LoadsWhen Do I Need to Perform a Load Calculation?We Are the 99% — AND the 1%Air Conditioner Basics When you enter the world of building science — whether through building a house, becoming a home energy rater/building analyst, or just hanging out in cyberplaces like this — everyone talks about the importance of getting actual heating and cooling load calculations based on ACCA Manual J. A great number of HVAC contractors sell and install oversized equipment with air distribution systems that don’t work because these contractors base their choices on rules of thumb.OK, but what if you hire a contractor or third-party designer to do Manual J load calculations and you’re not an expert and don’t want to be? Suddenly you’re faced with a bunch of seemingly indecipherable reports. How do you know if they’re accurate or not?Fear not, dear reader. I’ve got some help for you today.Don’t confuse load with capacityI don’t think I can make this distinction often enough. Heating and cooling loads are not the same as the equipment capacity needed. I just did it in my last article, and now I’m doing it again. It’s that important. The first thing you need to know is that the term loads refers to how much heating and cooling the building needs and capacity refers to how much heating and cooling the equipment can supply. Here in the U.S., both are measured in British Thermal Units (BTU) per hour.